Deliver us from evil: the effects of mortality salience and reminders of 9/11 on support for President George W. Bush.

Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0068, USA.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (Impact Factor: 2.52). 10/2004; 30(9):1136-50. DOI: 10.1177/0146167204267988
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT According to terror management theory, heightened concerns about mortality should intensify the appeal of charismatic leaders. To assess this idea, we investigated how thoughts about death and the 9/11 terrorist attacks influence Americans' attitudes toward current U.S. President George W. Bush. Study 1 found that reminding people of their own mortality (mortality salience) increased support for Bush and his counterterrorism policies. Study 2 demonstrated that subliminal exposure to 9/11-related stimuli brought death-related thoughts closer to consciousness. Study 3 showed that reminders of both mortality and 9/11 increased support for Bush. In Study 4, mortality salience led participants to become more favorable toward Bush and voting for him in the upcoming election but less favorable toward Presidential candidate John Kerry and voting for him. Discussion focused on the role of terror management processes in allegiance to charismatic leaders and political decision making.


Available from: Claude Miller, May 28, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: When emergency provisions in the constitution are abused, they pose a threat to the legal order. Citizen mobilization has been proposed as a mechanism to constrain the executive from such abuses of power. Specifically, if the executive oversteps its authority, the opposition can overthrow the government by mobilizing citizens against the power maximizing behavior. Despite the abundance of contributions on citizen's activism, constitutionally protected resistance has been neglected. This paper covers the gap by proposing a definition of constitutional resistance, which distinguishes it from other forms of disobedience and protest. Moreover, the importance of properly delineating the right is discussed and it is argued that such a right is not simply a parchment barrier. Specifically, the paper theorizes that the inclusion of the right tips the scale in favor of resisting even minor transgressions, leading to a more constrained executive power. However, if the right is not properly delineated it creates adverse incentives , jeopardizing political stability.
    2015 Meeting of European Public Choice Society, Groningen; 04/2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Each year in the United States, an unknown number of individuals are shot by law enforcement officers. Many of the suspects shot by officers are suspects who pose a lethal threat to officers or others, and thus the officers were legally justified in using deadly force. However, some estimates indicate that as many as 40 % of those shot by law enforcement each year are unarmed at the time of the encounter (Roy, 2004). Here, we present a theoretical model that integrates a traditional criminological theory (social learning theory) and a social psychological theory (terror management theory) in an effort to explain police shootings of unarmed suspects. Independently, neither theory can effectively or consistently explain the phenomena. However, when the two theories are integrated, a strong conceptual base is developed for explaining law enforcement shootings of unarmed suspects.
    American Journal of Criminal Justice 06/2015; 40(2). DOI:10.1007/s12103-015-9293-7
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For each of eight literature-identified conceptual dimensions of mortality awareness, questionnaire items were generated, producing 89 in all. A total of 359 participants responded to these items and to questionnaires measuring health attitudes, risk-taking, rebelliousness and demographic variables. Multivariate correlational analyses investigated the underlying structure of the item pool and the construct validity as well as the reliability of the emergent empirically derived subscales. Five components, rather than eight, were identified. Given the item content of each, the associated mortality awareness subscales were labelled as: legacy, fearfulness, acceptance, disempowerment, and disengagement. Each attained an acceptable level of internal reliability. Relationships with other variables supported the construct validity of these empirically derived subscales and more generally of this five-factor model. In conclusion, this new multidimensional measure and model of mortality awareness extends our understanding of this important aspect of human existence and supports a more integrative and optimistic approach to mortality awareness than previously available.
    OMEGA--Journal of Death and Dying 03/2015; 70(3):317-341. DOI:10.1177/0030222815569440 · 0.44 Impact Factor