Dissolution of dental enamel in soft drinks

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Maryland Baltimore Dental School, USA.
General dentistry 11/2003; 52(4):308-12.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A high percentage of the population consumes a variety of soft drinks on a daily basis. Many of these soft drinks contain sugar and various additives and have a low pH. This study compares enamel dissolution from both regular and diet beverages.

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    • "To create the erosion protocol, used by this study , Von Fraunhofer and Rogers 19 (2004) estimated a daily intake of soft drinks totaling 90.000 s per year of enamel surface contact, a reasonable time period to evaluate the erosion potential on enamel of children and young adults. This Coca-Cola consumption had generated enamel dissolution of almost 3.0 mg/cm 2 , near 55-65 times more than water. "
    12/2013; 18(1). DOI:10.5335/rfo.v18i1.3120
    • "Several studies[2345678910] have examined a possible association between dental erosion and the consumption of soft drinks, i.e., carbonated cola beverages and citrus-based fruit drinks. There has also been increased interest in the dental effects of soft drink beverages due to the escalating (an increase of 56%, rising approximately 2-3%/year) consumption by children and adolescents over the last decade.[11] "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the remineralization potential of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) on enamel eroded by cola drinks. A total of 30 healthy subjects were selected from a random sample of 1200 children and divided into two groups of 15 each wherein calcium and phosphorus analyses and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis was carried out to investigate the remineralization of enamel surface. A total of 30 non-carious premolar teeth were selected from the human tooth bank (HTB) to prepare the in-situ appliance. Three enamel slabs were prepared from the same. One enamel slab was used to obtain baseline values and the other two were embedded into the upper palatal appliances prepared on the subjects' maxillary working model. The subjects wore the appliance after which 30 ml cola drink exposure was given. After 15 days, the slabs were removed and subjected to respective analysis. Means of all the readings of soluble calcium and phosphorous levels at baseline,post cola-drink exposure and post cpp-acp application were subjected to statistical analysis SPSS11.5 version. Comparison within groups and between groups was carried out using ANOVA and F-values at 1% level of significance. Decrease in calcium solubility of enamel in the CPP-ACP application group as compared to post-cola drink exposure group (P < 0.05) was seen. Distinctive change in surface topography of enamel in the post-CPP-ACP application group as compared to post-cola drink exposure group was observed. CPP-ACP significantly promoted remineralization of enamel eroded by cola drinks as revealed by significant morphological changes seen in SEM magnification and spectrophotometric analyses.
    03/2013; 4(3):331-337. DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.118385
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    • "It is the consensus of the medical community that the trend in carbonated beverage consumption among Americans is a major public health issue (Bray, 2010). Guidelines provided from the scientific community for prevention of obesity and cariogenesis include decreasing carbonated beverage consumption (Von Fraunhofer and Rogers, 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: Beverages with little nutritional value, such as carbonated beverages, may negatively impact nutrition and have long-term health implications, including but not limited to obesity. This study examined the risks for beverage consumption choices and intake of participants living in a rural community. Multiple questionnaires adapted from the Chronic Illness Resources Survey, the Harvard Food Frequency Questionnaire, Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST), the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Questionnaire and 24 Hour Food Recall were administered to a cross sectional sample (n=706) using trained interviewers. The mean age of participants was 23.67 years of age (SD +/-7.32) with 49.7% females and 50.1% males. Results indicated that carbonated beverages and alcohol consumption were related to increased caloric intake and Body Mass Index (BMI) in the sample (p< 0.05). Calories derived from carbonated beverages and alcohol consumption in younger persons (below age 35) exceeded (p < 0.5) weight and age recommendations for intake as determined by the National Research Council. Older persons (34-53 and > 53 years old), both male and female, drank fewer carbonated beverages and consumed significantly (p < .05) more caffeinated beverages such as coffee, tea and hot chocolate. The study results suggest an increased need for research into beverage consumption and its relationship to BMI.
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