High dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation for poor risk and recurrent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a single-center experience of 50 patients.
ABSTRACT The long-term survival of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma after conventional chemotherapy is about 35%, with the remaining 65% of patients tending to be refractory or experience relapse. As such, primary refractory patients responding to salvage chemotherapy, and sensitive relapsed patients and primary high-risk patients are recommended to receive high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). We evaluated the role of HDC and autologous PBSCT in patients with primary refractory, primary high risk, and sensitive relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
We performed a retrospective analysis of the data from 50 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who were treated with HDC and autologous PBSCT in the Catholic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Center between 1997 and 2002.
Of the 50 patients, the conditioning regimen was BEAM in 20, CMT (cyclophosphamide, melphalan and thiotepa) in 19, fludarabine- and total body irradiation (TBI)-based regimen in 8, and cyclophosphamide and TBI in 2. There were 3 (6%) deaths due to treatment-related toxicity within the first 50 days after transplantation. Twenty-five patients remain alive at a median follow-up duration of 40.5 months (range 9-61). Among the patients with partial response before transplantation, 76% showed further response after transplantation. In half of these responders, the disease state was changed into complete response (CR) after transplantation. 2-year overall survival was 52% and 2-year progression free survival was 36.8%. Median overall survival was 34 months (range 8-60), and median progression-free survival was 8 months (range 1-14). Median overall survival was 14 months (range 9-19) in the primary high-risk group (n=13), 7 months (range 4-10) in the resistance relapse group (n=5), and 6 months (range 0-14) in the primary refractory group (n=10). Overall survival in the sensitive relapse group (n=22) did not reach the median; the mean overall survival in this group was 33 months. The disease status before transplantation was the only significant prognostic factor in determining overall survival (p=0.032) and progression- free survival (p=0.001).
HDC and autologous PBSCT appears to produce high response rate. Primary high-risk group and sensitive relapse group had good prognosis, while refractory and resistance relapse group had poor prognosis. And the pre-transplantation disease status was the only significant prognostic factor in multivariate analysis.
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ABSTRACT: To explore the best time to carry out total body irradiation (TBI) in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) pretreatment. Retrospective analysis was applied in 88 cases of HSCT using TBI as pretreatment from March 2001 to June 2009 in our hospital. Using 8 MV X-ray, all the patients were irradiated by linear accelerator in 2 consecutive days, with a total dose of 7-11 Gy and an instantaneous dose rate ranging between 4.0 and 5.0 cGy/min. Of the 88 cases, 40 cases were given traditional high-dose chemotherapy before TBI (Group CT/TBI), and 48 cases were given TBI before chemotherapy (Group TBI/CT) instead. Eighty-seven cases of transplantation were successful, with no serious complications, including radiation pneumonia. Compared with Group CT/TBI, Group TBI/CT showed similar incidence of complications (p=0.08), similar recent chemotherapy toxicity (p=0.833), and significantly lower recent radiation toxicity (p=0.000). TBI in the pretreatment of HSCT is safe and effective. Using TBI before the high-dose chemotherapy can maintain the same pretreatment effect, effectively reduce apparent immediate reaction/discomfort during TBI, reduce preparation workload of radiotherapy, and lower radiation side-effects. Further research is needed to expand its clinical application.Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 12/2011; 27(2):119-23. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neutropenia recovery may be associated with deterioration in oxygenation and exacerbation of pre-existing pulmonary disease. However, risk factors for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) during neutropenia recovery in patients with hematologic malignancies have not been studied. We studied critically ill patients with hematologic malignancies with the dual objectives of describing patients with ARDS during neutropenia recovery and identifying risk factors for ARDS during neutropenia recovery. A cohort of consecutive neutropenic patients with hematologic malignancies who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) was studied. During a 6-year period, 71 patients recovered from neutropenia, of whom 38 (53.5%) developed ARDS during recovery. Compared with non-ARDS patients, patients who experienced ARDS during neutropenia recovery were more likely to have pneumonia, be admitted to the ICU for respiratory failure, and receive mechanical ventilator therapy. The in-ICU mortality was significantly different between the two groups (86.8% versus 51.5%, respectively, for patients who developed ARDS during neutropenia recovery versus those who did not during neutropenia recovery). In multivariate analysis, only occurrence of pneumonia during the neutropenic episode was associated with a marked increase in the risk of ARDS (odds ratio, 4.76). Patients with hematologic malignancies complicated by pneumonia during neutropenia are at increased risk for ARDS during neutropenia recovery.Critical care (London, England) 11/2009; 13(6):R173. · 4.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Our purpose was to determine if total body irradiation (TBI) with lung dose reduction protects against subsequent radiation-induced deterioration in pulmonary function. Between July 1997 and August 2004, 181 consecutive patients with hematologic malignancies received fractionated TBI before allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant. The first 89 patients were treated to a total dose of 13.6 Gy. Thereafter, total body dose was decreased to 12 Gy with lung dose reduction to 9 or 6 Gy. All patients underwent pulmonary function test evaluation before treatment, 90 days post-treatment, then annually. Median follow-up was 24.0 months. Eighty-nine patients were treated with lung shielding, and 92 without. At 1-year post transplant, there was a small but significant difference in lung volume measurements between patients with lung shielding and those without. This was not observed at the 2-year time point. When stratified by good (>100% predicted) or poor (</=100% predicted) baseline lung function, patients with poor function demonstrated protection at 1 year with lung shielding, while those with good initial lung function did not. TBI with or without lung dose reduction has a small but statistically significant effect on pulmonary function measured at 1 year but not 2 years post irradiation.Bone Marrow Transplantation 10/2007; 40(6):573-8. · 3.54 Impact Factor