[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe the clinical and pathological features of 10 further cases of fibroblastic polyps (FP), a recently described, distinctive type of colorectal mucosal polyp.
The patients were seven women and three men with ages ranging from 44 to 63 years. The lesions ranged in size from 2 to 4 mm. Eight of the polyps were located in the sigmoid colon. Five cases were associated with hyperplastic polyps. Histologically, FP displayed bland, plump spindle cells with oval nuclei arranged as bundles parallel to the surface or as haphazardly orientated sheets with a focal periglandular or perivascular concentric arrangement. Eight polyps represented mixed fibroblastic/hyperplastic polyps as they contained serrated (hyperplastic) crypts. Immunohistochemically, all cases were positive for vimentin and negative for desmin, smooth-muscle actin, h-caldesmon, S100 protein, c-Kit, epithelial membrane antigen, cytokeratin AE1/3, CD34, CD68, COX-2, and factor XIIIa. Ultrastructural examination supported the fibroblastic nature of the tumour cells.
FP is a distinctive type of benign mucosal colorectal polyp characterized by its distal location, small size, frequent association with hyperplastic polyps, distinct morphological appearance and typical immunonegativity for markers of specific differentiation. FP with serrated crypts (mixed fibroblastic/hyperplastic polyp) represents a frequent variant of this lesion. Pathologists should recognize FP and discriminate it from other types of colorectal polyps.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fibroblastic polyps of the colon and intestinal perineuriomas are unusual mucosal lesions with identical clinical and histologic features, and apparent different immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characteristics. However, immunohistochemical distinction was solely based on the results obtained with epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), an antibody whose reactivity on perineuriomas is difficult to demonstrate. Likewise, accurate ultrastructural diagnosis may be flawed by sampling error, preservation artifacts, or paucity of specific diagnostic features. In a recent short communication, it was suggested that both lesions may represent the same entity. To further evaluate this hypothesis, 28 colorectal polyps with clinical and histologic features of colonic fibroblastic polyps/perineuriomas (including 10 cases previously reported as fibroblastic polyps) were stained immunohistochemically for 4 markers of perineurial differentiation, that is, claudin-1, GLUT-1, collagen type IV, and EMA (the latter performed using an extended protocol for antigen retrieval and a kit for signal amplification). In addition, electron microscopy was performed in 4 cases. EMA and claudin-1 stained 26 of 28 (93%) polyps whereas GLUT-1 and collagen type IV were expressed in all of them. EMA reactivity was mostly focal and weak whereas the other markers displayed a diffuse and strong signal. Ultrastructural examination revealed elongated cells with features of perineurial differentiation including long, slender cytoplasmic processes with pinocytotic vesicles and an external lamina. Our findings support the hypothesis that fibroblastic polyps and perineuriomas of the colon represent the same entity. We suggest reclassifying fibroblastic polyps reactive to perineurial markers as perineuriomas. To reach an accurate diagnosis, we recommend employing at least 2 markers of perineurial differentiation, and performing EMA immunostaining with high antibody concentration, prolonged incubation time, and/or extended protocol for antigen retrieval.
The American journal of surgical pathology 07/2008; 32(7):1088-94. DOI:10.1097/PAS.0b013e318160df3f · 5.15 Impact Factor
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