Development of a patient-based grading scale for PedMIDAS.
ABSTRACT The objective was to develop and validate a patient-based grading scale for PedMIDAS. PedMIDAS was administered to 329 children, who rated their overall disability based on the adult MIDAS grades. This patient-based rating and PedMIDAS scores were compared to develop the grading scale. Headache disability was rated little to none, 49.5%; mild, 26.7%; moderate, 15.8%; and severe, 7.9%, with PedMIDAS raw scores of 4.9 +/- 6.3, 17.8 +/- 14.9, 40.6 +/- 34.2, and 91.4 +/- 69.8. Convergence of these results yielded an empirically derived grading system: Grade I, 0-10; II, 11-30; III, 31-50 and IV, > 50. Higher grades corresponded to an increased need for prophylactic treatment. A patient-based grading scale further increases the utility of PedMIDAS in assessing migraine disability in children, so that it can be widely used in routine clinical evaluation and management.
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ABSTRACT: Background Migraine is one of the most common health problems for children and adolescents. If not successfully treated, it can impact patients and families with significant disability due to loss of school, work, and social function. When headaches become frequent, it is essential to try to prevent the headaches. For children and adolescents, this is guided by extrapolation from adult studies, a limited number of small studies in children and adolescents and practitioner preference. The aim of the Childhood and Adolescent Migraine Prevention (CHAMP) study is to determine the most effective preventive agent to use in children and adolescents. MethodsCHAMP is a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, multicenter, comparative effectiveness study of amitriptyline and topiramate for the prevention of episodic and chronic migraine, designed to mirror real-world practice, sponsored by the US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke/National Institutes of Health (U01NS076788). The study will recruit 675 subjects between the ages of 8 and 17 years old, inclusive, who have migraine with or without aura or chronic migraine as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd Edition, with at least 4 headaches in the 28 days prior to randomization. The subjects will be randomized in a 2:2:1 (amitriptyline: topiramate: placebo) ratio. Doses are weight based and will be slowly titrated over an 8-week period to a target dose of 1 mg/kg of amitriptyline and 2 mg/kg of topiramate. The primary outcome will be a 50% reduction in headache frequency between the 28-day baseline and the final 28 days of treatment (weeks 20-24). Conclusions The goal of the CHAMP study is to obtain level 1 evidence for the effectiveness of amitriptyline and topiramate in the prevention of migraine in children and adolescents. If this study proves to be positive, it will provide information to the practicing physician as how to best prevent migraine in children and adolescents and subsequently improve the disability and outcomes.Headache The Journal of Head and Face Pain 05/2013; 53(5). · 2.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Headache is a common disabling neurological disorder and migraine comprises more than half the causes of recurrent headaches in children. Despite extended prevalence of this type of headache there is lack of evidence about best drug treatment for migraine. So we aimed to compare the therapeutic effects of these drugs on childhood migraine. In the current study, a randomized clinical trial consisting of 78 patients according to 2004 International Headache Association criteria were randomly assigned to two groups that matched by age and sex. One of these two groups was treated with Topiramate, while the other was given Propranolol. After one and four months, the efficiency of these treatments was measured in terms of frequency, severity and duration of migraine attacks. Results obtained from the data collected showed that of these 78 studied patients, 38 patients received Topiramate treatment (group A) and the rest (40 patients; group B) was treated with Propranolol. The average age of group A was 8.5± 2.9 years and that of group B was 8.3 ± 2.8 years. No significant difference was observed between these two groups in terms of reduction in frequency, severity and duration of migraine attacks. Results showed that both treatments had the same efficiency in healing migraine headaches and there was no significant difference between their treating results. However, further studies are needed to examine medical effects of these two medicines.Iranian journal of child neurology. 01/2013; 7(1):9-14.
Article: Headache in school age.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Headache, especially migraine and tension-type headache, is one of the most frequently reported somatic complaints by children and adolescents. Different population-based studies have been conducted to study the correlation between headache and lifestyles in pediatric age, nevertheless, the obtained results are often controversial and these relationship still remain unclear. Likewise, is still strongly debated the burden of headache during school age, its impact on school performances and on quality of life of children and their families. Consequently, larger studies are necessary to evaluate the degree of disability due to pediatric headache. We summarize the ongoing knowledge about these concepts, with the intent to provide useful data to neurologists but also to primary care providers, to further improve the management of pediatric headaches by preventing the headache progression, the disabling effects associated and improving the long-term outcome.Neurological Sciences 05/2014; 35 Suppl 1:31-5. · 1.50 Impact Factor