Article

[Detection of the sentinel lymph nodes in lung carcinoma cases using patent blue and its clinical significance].

I. chirurgická klinika LF UP a FN Olomouc.
Rozhledy v chirurgii: měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti 07/2004; 83(6):210-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Views on significance and the most appropriate approach to lymphadenectomy in the non-small-cell lung carcinoma cases, have not been consistent. The method of the sentinel lymphonode identification and biopsy, which has been verified for other tumor types, may become a promising alternative or, at least, a supplement to currently applied procedures in cases of the lung carcinoma. STUDY GROUP AND RESULTS: This prospective, non-randomized study was conducted in the Faculty Hospital in Olomouc between the years 2000-2003. The sentinel lymphonode identification was conducted in the group of 48 patients suffering from the non-small cell lung carcinoma, using the patent blue lymphatic mapping method. The sentinel lymphonode was identified in 40 patients (83.3%), a false negativity of the sentinel lymphonode was detected in 3 cases (7.5%). CONCLUSION: The study proved the clinical benefit of the sentinel lymphonode identification and biopsy method in cases of the non-small cell lung carcinoma using the patent blue dye. Under the circumstance of certain experience with the technology, the reliability of the detection approaches that of the radionuclide sentinel lymphonode detection method. However, the clinical significance of the above method must be further tested on larger patient groups.

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Not all patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) have mediastinal lymph node involvement and development of less invasive methods for evaluating mediastinal lymph nodes is important. Sentinel node biopsy has been used for NSCLC since 1999 to decrease the need for mediastinal lymph node dissection. In this review, we searched the literature in this regard and reported the results in a meta-analysis format. METHODS: Medline, SCOPUS, and ISI web of knowledge were searched using: "(lung AND sentinel)" with no date or language limit. Any study with more than 5 patients and enough information to calculate detection rate and sensitivity was included. RESULTS: Overall 47 and 43 studies (including subgroups) had the criteria for detection rate and sensitivity pooling respectively. Pooled detection rate was 80.6% [76.8-84%] and pooled sensitivity was 87% [83-90%]. Using radiotracers or both radiotracers and dyes had higher detection rate and sensitivity compared to dye alone. Among studies using radiotracers, highest detection rate was in intra-operative peri-tumoral injection group and highest sensitivity was in peri-tumoral pre-operative injection group. Emerging methods of sentinel node surgery including magnetic materials, fluorescent dyes, CT contrast agents, and carbon nano-particles had promising results. CONCLUSIONS: Sentinel node mapping using radiotracers is a feasible technique for mediastinal lymph node staging of N0 NSCLC patients. Alternative methods of sentinel node mapping are promising and warrant further studies.
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