Biocompatibility of human osteosarcoma cells to root end filling materials.
ABSTRACT Ideal root end filling materials should have good physical and chemical properties, and the most important is that the material should be biocompatible with periradicular tissue. The biocompatibility of three root end filling materials, mineral trioxide aggregate, calcium hydroxide-based cement, and eugenol-based cement, were investigated in vitro by culturing extracts of these materials with human osteogenic sarcoma cells (U2OS). Extracts of each of the materials were made after incubation of the materials for 1 day and 1 week with complete McCoy's medium. The extracts were serially diluted and then incubated with U2OS cells for 24 and 48 h. Cell survival rates were assessed by means of a viability assay for mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity. Differences in mean cell survival rates were statistically assessed using one-way ANOVA. Results showed that the survival rates of U2OS cells were largest with mineral trioxide aggregate, followed by calcium hydroxide-based cement and eugenol-based cement at 24- and 48-h exposures using the 1-day and 1-week extracts. The duration of root end filling material extraction time and treatment time showed variable influence on the survival rates. The results suggest that mineral trioxide aggregate is more biocompatible than the other root end filling materials and is suitable for use in the clinical setting.
Article: Cytotoxicity of retrofill materials.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dentin bonding agents reduce microleakage and enhance marginal adaption of composite resin restorations. These characteristics are advantages for their use as an endodontic retrofilling material. Because these materials will be in direct contact with vital tissues, their cytotoxic potential must be evaluated before clinical use. It was the purpose of this study to evaluate the cell cytotoxicity of amalgam, Caulk Universal Bond, Gluma, 35% HEMA, Morita Clearfil, Scotchbond 2, Super EBA, Tenure, and Tenure 5-4. VERO cells were grown in RPMI-1640 medium and cell monolayers were prepared by incubating 15 ml of the cell suspension in 60-mm culture dishes at 37 degrees C in 5% CO2. Twelve milliliters of a medium-agarose mixture containing 1% neutral red vital stain were overlayed onto the cell layer and allowed to solidify. The materials were directly exposed to the agarose overlays by inverting 6.0-mm diameter polypropylene capsules containing the cured and liquid sample materials either immediately (0 time) or after placement in phosphate-buffered saline with 1% gentamicin for 7, 15, or 30 days. Cytotoxicity was determined by measuring the zone of killed cells around the sample 24 h after placement on the agarose. Cytotoxicity was determined by measuring the zones of cell inhibition at 24 h and at 7, 15, and 30 days. Initially, all of the materials were found to be cytotoxic, except amalgam and the Tenure components. The dentin bonding primers showed a mean zone of inhibition of 13.2 mm and the cleansers a 40.0-mm zone. Amalgam demonstrated increasing cytotoxicity: 0.0 mm at 24 h to 12.0 mm at 30 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)Journal of Endodontics 07/1993; 19(6):288-92. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The cytotoxicity of three root-end filling materials (amalgam, IRM, and Super-EBA) was evaluated in cultures of human periodontal ligament cells and human osteoblast-like cells. Ten-millimeter-long plastic test tubes were filled with 3 mm of freshly mixed root-end filling materials at one end (1.5 mm diameter). The opposite end was sealed and attached by heat to a 35-mm cell culture dish. Human periodontal ligament cells and human osteoblast-like cells were seeded in the dishes. The size of cell-free zones around the root-end filling materials and the total cell number per dish were calculated after 3 and 7 days. Empty test tubes used as controls did not influence the growth and distribution of the cultured cells. Cell density increased in all groups in the test period. Amalgam had a larger cell-free zone, compared with IRM and Super-EBA and showed a reduction in total cell number per dish for both tested cell types. IRM and Super-EBA also had a cell-free inhibition zone for both cell types, but no significant reduction in total cell number per dish. This study showed that amalgam had a higher cell toxicity to human periodontal ligament cells and human osteoblast-like cells than IRM and Super-EBA.Journal of Endodontics 07/1999; 25(6):410-2. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to compare the cytotoxicity of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) to other commonly used retrofilling materials, Super-EBA and amalgam. This was accomplished using a cell viability assay for mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts after 24-hr exposure to extracts of varying concentrations of the test materials, in both freshly mixed and 24-hr set states. Methyl methacrylate 2% (vol/vol) served as the positive control, and complete culture medium served as the negative control. Differences in mean cell viability values were assessed by ANOVA (p < 0.05). In the freshly mixed state, the sequence of toxicity was amalgam > Super-EBA > MTA. In the 24-hr set state the sequence of toxicity at a low extract concentration was Super-EBA > MTA, amalgam, and Super-EBA > amalgam > MTA at a higher extract concentration. This study supports the use of MTA in the root-end environment.Journal of Endodontics 06/2000; 26(5):288-91. · 2.93 Impact Factor