Biocompatibility of human osteosarcoma cells to root end filling materials.
ABSTRACT Ideal root end filling materials should have good physical and chemical properties, and the most important is that the material should be biocompatible with periradicular tissue. The biocompatibility of three root end filling materials, mineral trioxide aggregate, calcium hydroxide-based cement, and eugenol-based cement, were investigated in vitro by culturing extracts of these materials with human osteogenic sarcoma cells (U2OS). Extracts of each of the materials were made after incubation of the materials for 1 day and 1 week with complete McCoy's medium. The extracts were serially diluted and then incubated with U2OS cells for 24 and 48 h. Cell survival rates were assessed by means of a viability assay for mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity. Differences in mean cell survival rates were statistically assessed using one-way ANOVA. Results showed that the survival rates of U2OS cells were largest with mineral trioxide aggregate, followed by calcium hydroxide-based cement and eugenol-based cement at 24- and 48-h exposures using the 1-day and 1-week extracts. The duration of root end filling material extraction time and treatment time showed variable influence on the survival rates. The results suggest that mineral trioxide aggregate is more biocompatible than the other root end filling materials and is suitable for use in the clinical setting.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of a root-end filling is to establish a seal between the root canal space and the periradicular tissues. As root-end filling materials come into contact with periradicular tissues, knowledge of the tissue response is crucial. Almost every available dental restorative material has been suggested as the root-end material of choice at a certain point in the past. This literature review on root-end filling materials will evaluate and comparatively analyse the biocompatibility and tissue response to these products, with primary focus on newly introduced materials.Restorative dentistry & endodontics. 08/2013; 38(3):119-127.
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ABSTRACT: The magnetic field (MF) effect on the zero valent iron (ZVI) induced oxidative reaction was investigated for the first time. The degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) in the ZVI system was employed as the test oxidative reaction. MF markedly enhanced the degradation of 4-CP with the concurrent production of chlorides. The consumption of dissolved O(2) by ZVI reaction was also enhanced in the presence of MF whereas the competing reaction of H(2) production from proton reduction was retarded. Since the ZVI-induced oxidation is mainly driven by the in situ generated hydroxyl radicals, the production of OH radicals was monitored by the spin trap method using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. It was confirmed that the concentration of trapped OH radicals was enhanced in the presence of MF. Since both O(2) and Fe(0) are paramagnetic, the diffusion of O(2) onto the iron surface might be accelerated under MF. The magnetized iron can attract oxygen on itself, which makes the mass transfer process faster. As a result, the surface electrochemical reaction between Fe(0) and O(2) can be accelerated with the enhanced production of OH radicals. MF might retard the recombination of OH radicals as well.Journal of hazardous materials 05/2011; 192(2):928-31. · 4.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Eleven derivatives from Antrodia camphorata were isolated in order to evaluate their selective cytotoxicity toward 14 types of human cancer cell and two non-transformed cell types. Among these triterpenoids, methyl antcinate A (MAA) exhibited the most potent spectrum of anticancer effects in KB cells, four different oral cancer cell lines (TSCCa, GNM, OC-2, and OEC-M1), Panc-1, BT474, PC-3, OVCAR-3, HeLa, and U2OS cells with high selectivity indices (CC(50)/IC(50)). The expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) of PC-3 cells tested by western blotting suggested that MAA exerts cell death through the caspase-dependent cascade and the Bax-mediated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, not only on liver and oral cancer cells but on other types as well, including prostate cancer, in a dose-dependent manner. In addition to MAA, methyl antcinate B, dehydroeburicoic acid, and 15α-acetyl-dehydrosulfurenic acid also exhibited significant selective cytotoxic effects to respective cancer cells. Modifications of these triterpenoids may lead to the development of more potent anticancer drugs.Anticancer research 07/2012; 32(7):2727-34. · 1.71 Impact Factor