Hilar cholangiocarcinoma: staging with intrabiliary MRI.

The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, Blalock 544, 600 N Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.
American Journal of Roentgenology (Impact Factor: 2.74). 11/2004; 183(4):1071-4. DOI: 10.2214/ajr.183.4.1831071
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility of using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to monitor intrabiliary delivery of motexafin gadolinium (MGd) into pig common bile duct (CBD) walls. Animal studies were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Initially, human cholangiocarcinoma cells were treated with various concentrations of MGd, a compound serving as a T1-weighted MR imaging contrast agent, chemotherapy drug, and cell marker. These cells were then examined by means of confocal microscopy to confirm the intracellular uptake of MGd. In addition, an MGd/trypan blue mixture was locally infused into CBD walls of six cadaveric pigs using a microporous balloon catheter. CBDs of six pigs were infused with saline to serve as controls. Ex vivo T1-weighted MR imaging of these CBDs was performed. For in vivo technical validation, the microporous balloon catheter was placed in the CBD by means of a transcholecytic access to deliver MGd/trypan blue into CBD walls of six living pigs. T1-weighted images were obtained with both a surface coil and an intrabiliary MR imaging guidewire, and contrast-to-noise ratios of CBD walls before and after MGd/trypan blue infusions were compared in the two groups by means of paired t test, with subsequent histologic analysis to confirm the penetration and distribution of the MGd/trypan blue agent into CBD walls. In vitro experiments confirmed uptake of MGd by human cholangiocarcinoma cells. The ex vivo experiments demonstrated the penetration of MGd/trypan blue into the CBD walls. The in vivo experiment confirmed the uptake of MGd/trypan blue, showing an increased contrast-to-noise ratio for the CBD after administration of the mixture, compared with images obtained prior to MGd/trypan blue administration (11.6 ± 4.2 [standard deviation] vs 5.7 ± 2.8; P = .04). Histologic results depicted the blue dye stains and red fluorescence of MGd in CBD walls, confirming the imaging findings. It is feasible to use MR imaging to monitor the penetration of locally delivered MGd into pig CBD walls.
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