Interobserver variability in the pathological assessment of malignant colorectal polyps.
ABSTRACT Treatment of patients with malignant large bowel polyps is highly dependent on pathological evaluation. The aim of this study was to evaluate interobserver variability in the pathological assessment of endoscopically removed polyps.
The records of 88 patients with colorectal cancer who underwent endoscopic removal of malignant polyps were reviewed. Study investigators reviewed the initial pathology report; three experienced gastrointestinal pathologists reviewed all slides in a blinded fashion. Interobserver variability of pathological assessment of malignant polyps was analysed by kappa statistics.
Seventy-six (86 per cent) of the 88 patients had malignant polyps and 12 (14 per cent) had carcinoma in situ. Agreement between experienced pathologists was substantial with regard to T stage (kappa = 0.725), resection margin status (kappa = 0.668) and Haggitt's classification (kappa = 0.682), but comparison of initial and experienced pathologists' assessment demonstrated only moderate agreement in these areas (kappa = 0.516, kappa = 0.555 and kappa = 0.578 respectively). Agreement between even experienced pathologists was poor with respect to histological grade of differentiated adenocarcinomas (kappa = 0.163) and angiolymphatic vessel invasion (kappa = - 0.017).
Pathological assessment of malignant polyps varies between observers. Specialist pathologists appear to have a higher degree of consensus among themselves than with generalist pathologists with respect to T stage. The high interobserver variability with regard to histological grade of differentiated tumours is clinically irrelevant. However, variability in the assessment of angiolymphatic vessel invasion limits the value of this measurement for clinical decision making.
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents a general statistical methodology for the analysis of multivariate categorical data arising from observer reliability studies. The procedure essentially involves the construction of functions of the observed proportions which are directed at the extent to which the observers agree among themselves and the construction of test statistics for hypotheses involving these functions. Tests for interobserver bias are presented in terms of first-order marginal homogeneity and measures of interobserver agreement are developed as generalized kappa-type statistics. These procedures are illustrated with a clinical diagnosis example from the epidemiological literature.Biometrics 04/1977; 33(1):159-74. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was the evaluation of various factors in the formulation of guidelines for treatment of early invasive colorectal cancer, in which malignant cells extend through the muscularis mucosa into the submucosa but do not deeply invade the muscularis propria. A total of 182 patients were followed for at least five years or until death, with early invasive cancer diagnosed between 1982 and 1989. Patients were grouped according to the level of invasion, as follows: 64 patients with slight carcinoma invasion of the muscularis mucosa (200-300 microns; sm1), 82 with intermediate invasion (sm2), and 36 with carcinoma invasion extending to the inner surface of the muscularis propria (sm3). The configuration, diameter, and histologic grade of adenocarcinoma and lymphovascular invasion were correlated with level of invasion. After endoscopic polypectomy or local resection, 4 patients showed local recurrence and 13 patients showed lymph node metastasis. None of these 17 patients had sm1 disease. The level of invasion, configuration, and location were significant risk factors for development of lymph node metastasis or local recurrence (P < 0.05), but lymphovascular invasion, histologic grade, and diameter were not risk factors. Preoperative assessment of the level of invasion using this classification, in which the submucosa is divided into three depths, may decrease the incidence of unnecessary surgery for sessile polyps. Assessment according to the level of invasion is useful in the formulation of appropriate guidelines for the treatment of early invasive cancer.Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 12/1995; 38(12):1286-95. · 3.34 Impact Factor
- British Journal of Cancer 10/1958; 12(3):309-20. · 5.08 Impact Factor