A new function of the leptin receptor: mediation of the recovery from lipopolysaccharide-induced hypothermia.

Systemic Inflammation Laboratory, Trauma Research, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA.
The FASEB Journal (Impact Factor: 5.48). 01/2005; 18(15):1949-51. DOI: 10.1096/fj.04-2295fje
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Obese (f/f) Koletsky rats lack the leptin receptor (LR), whereas their lean (F/?) counterparts bear a fully functional LR. By using f/f and F/? rats, we studied whether the LR is involved in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fever and hypothermia. The body temperature responses to LPS (10 or 100 microg/kg iv) were measured in Koletsky rats exposed to a thermoneutral (28 degrees C) or cool (22 degrees C) environment. Rats of both genotypes responded to LPS with fever at 28 degrees C and with dose-dependent hypothermia at 22 degrees C. The fever responses of the f/f and F/? rats were identical. The hypothermic response of the f/f rats was markedly prolonged compared with that of the F/? rats. The prolonged hypothermic response to LPS in the f/f rats was accompanied by enhanced NF-kappaB signaling in the hypothalamus and an exaggerated rise in the plasma concentration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. The f/f rats did not respond to LPS with an increase in the plasma concentration of corticosterone or adrenocorticotropic hormone, whereas their F/? counterparts did. The hypothermic response to TNF-alpha (80 microg/kg iv) was markedly prolonged in the f/f rats. These data show that the LR is essential for the recovery from LPS hypothermia. LR-dependent mechanisms of the recovery from LPS hypothermia include activation of the anti-inflammatory hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, inhibition of both the production and hypothermic action of TNF-alpha, and suppression of inflammatory (via NF-kappaB) signaling in the hypothalamus.

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