Ganglioside complexes as new target antigens in Guillain-Barré syndrome.
ABSTRACT Antibodies specific for a complex of gangliosides GD1a and GD1b (GD1a/GD1b) were found in sera from eight of 100 patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) by the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and thin-layer chromatogram immunostaining. Those sera also had antibody activities to such ganglioside complexes as GD1a/GM1, GD1b/GT1b, and GM1/GT1b but had little or no reactivity to the each isolated antigen. Clustered epitopes of the ganglioside complex in the plasma membrane may be targeted by such an antibody, and interaction between the antibody and ganglioside complex may induce the neuropathy.
- Neurological Sciences 09/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
Article: Update on Guillain-Barré syndrome.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Understanding of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has progressed substantially since the seminal 1916 report by Guillain et al. Although Guillain, Barré, and Strohl summarised the syndrome based on observations of two French infantrymen, 2012 saw the beginning of an ambitious collaborative study designed to collect detailed data from at least 1,000 patients worldwide (IGOS, www.gbsstudies.org/about-igos). Progress has been made in many areas even since GBS was last reviewed in this journal in 2009. GBS subsequently received prominent attention in light of concerns regarding H1N1 influenza vaccinations, and several large-scale surveillance studies resulted. Despite these developments, and promising pre-clinical studies, disease-modifying therapies for GBS have not substantially altered since intravenous immunoglobulin was introduced over 20 years ago. In other areas, management has improved. Antibiotic prophylaxis in ventilated patients reduces respiratory tract infection, thromboprophylaxis has reduced the risk of venous thromboembolism, and there is increasing awareness of the benefit of high-intensity rehabilitation. This article highlights some of the interesting and thought-provoking developments of the last 3 years, and is based on a plenary lecture given at the 2012 Peripheral Nerve Society (PNS) meeting.Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System 06/2013; 18(2):99-112. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Humans with autoimmune peripheral neuropathies frequently harbour serum antibodies to single glycosphingolipids, especially gangliosides. Recently it has been appreciated that glycolipid and lipid complexes, formed from two or more individual species, can interact to create molecular shapes capable of being recognised by these autoantibodies whilst not binding to the single individuals. As a result of this, novel autoantibody targets have been identified. This newly termed 'combinatorial glycomic' approach has provided the impetus to redesigning the assay methodologies traditionally used in the neuropathy-associated autoantibody field. Combinatorial glycoarrays can be readily constructed in house using lipids of interest. Herein we especially highlight the role of the neutral lipids cholesterol and galactocerebroside in modifying glycosphingolipid orientation that subsequently favours or inhibits autoantibody binding.Current opinion in chemical biology 02/2014; 18C:78-86. · 8.30 Impact Factor