Reduced leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions in the inflamed microcirculation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor-deficient mice
ABSTRACT Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine with established roles in a range of inflammatory conditions. However, it is not known whether MIF influences inflammation via the direct promotion of leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. Therefore, the aim of these experiments was to investigate the ability of MIF to regulate leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions in the inflamed microvasculature.
Intravital microscopy was used to examine postcapillary venules in the cremaster muscle and synovium of wild-type and MIF(-/-) mice. Leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions (rolling, adhesion, emigration) were compared under a range of inflammatory conditions.
In cremasteric postcapillary venules of MIF(-/-) mice, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced leukocyte rolling, adhesion, and emigration were significantly reduced relative to that in wild-type mice. Similar responses were observed in response to tumor necrosis factor alpha and histamine. Examination of the synovial microvasculature following exposure to carrageenan revealed that leukocyte rolling and adhesion in synovial postcapillary venules and leukocyte entry into the joint space were also reduced significantly in MIF(-/-) mice. In each of these models, the level of P-selectin-dependent rolling was reduced in MIF(-/-) mice. Despite this, no difference in P-selectin expression was observed following LPS treatment. However, microvascular shear forces were elevated in MIF(-/-) mice, raising a possible mechanism to explain the reduced interactions in these animals.
MIF(-/-) mice consistently displayed a reduction in P-selectin-dependent rolling, suggesting that MIF exerts proinflammatory effects, in part, via the promotion of P-selectin-mediated rolling. Together, these data indicate that MIF promotes interactions between leukocytes and endothelial cells, thereby enhancing the entry of leukocytes into sites of inflammation.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Yuan Yang, Mar 17, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Min-Yu Lan[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a potent cytokine that plays an important role in the regulation of immune responses. Polymorphisms including five- to eight-repeat CATT variants ((CATT)5-8) and G-173C in the promoter region of the MIF gene are associated with altered levels of MIF gene transcription. The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between promoter polymorphisms of the MIF gene and the severity of carotid artery atherosclerosis (CAA). The severity of CAA was assessed in 593 individuals with a history of ischemic stroke by using sonographic examination, and the MIF promoter polymorphisms of these individuals were genotyped. The carriage of (CATT)7 (compared to genotypes composed of (CATT)5, (CATT)6, or both), carriage of C allele (compared to GG), and carriage of the haplotype (CATT)7-C (compared to genotypes composed of (CATT)5-G, (CATT)6-G, or both) were significantly associated with an increase in the severity of CAA. We conclude that polymorphisms in the MIF gene promoter are associated with CAA severity in ischemic stroke patients. These genetic variants may serve as markers for individual susceptibility to CAA.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.02.129 · 2.28 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Keishibukuryogan (KBG) is one of the traditional herbal formulations widely administered to patients with blood stagnation for improving blood circulation; currently, it is the most frequently prescribed medicine in Japan. KBG has been reported to improve conjunctional microcirculation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of KBG and paeoniflorin, a bioactive compound of KBG, in inhibiting the production of inflammatory cytokines using human dermal microvessel endothelial cells (HDMECs). The authors observed that lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1 μg/mL) stimulated the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in HDMECs. KBG treatment (10 mg/mL) significantly suppressed the mRNA levels of migration inhibitory factor (MIF), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in LPS-stimulated cultured HDMECs. Similarly, paeoniflorin significantly suppressed the mRNA levels of these cytokines in LPS-stimulated cultured HDMECs. ELISA showed that KBG and paeoniflorin suppressed the production of MIF, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α in LPS-stimulated HDMECs. Moreover, KBG and paeoniflorin decreased the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in these cells. These results suggest that KBG may be useful for improving microvascular inflammation in patients with skin diseases.Mediators of Inflammation 12/2010; 2010(0962-9351):804298. DOI:10.1155/2010/804298 · 2.42 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pluripotent cytokine that has an essential role in the pathophysiology of experimental allergic inflammation. Recent findings suggest that MIF is involved in several allergic disorders, including atopic dermatitis (AD). In this study, the role of MIF in allergic skin inflammation was examined using a murine model of AD elicited by epicutaneous sensitization with ovalbumin (OVA). We observed the number of skin-infiltrating eosinophils to significantly increase in OVA-sensitized MIF transgenic (Tg) mice compared with their wild-type (WT) littermates. On the other hand, eosinophils were virtually absent from the skin of MIF knockout (KO) mice and failed to infiltrate their skin after repeated epicutaneous sensitization with OVA. The mRNA expression levels of eotaxin and IL-5 were significantly increased in OVA-sensitized skin sites of MIF Tg mice, but were significantly decreased in MIF KO mice in comparison with the levels in WT littermates. Eotaxin expression was induced by IL-4 stimulation in fibroblasts in MIF Tg mice, but not in MIF KO mice. These findings indicate that MIF can induce eosinophil accumulation in the skin. Therefore, the targeted inhibition of MIF might be a promising new therapeutic strategy for allergic skin diseases.Journal of Investigative Dermatology 12/2010; 131(4):925-31. DOI:10.1038/jid.2010.418 · 6.37 Impact Factor