Influence of pretreatment MRI parameters on clinical outcome, recanalization and infarct size in 49 stroke patients treated by intravenous tissue plasminogen activator.
ABSTRACT We hypothesized that pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters might predict clinical outcome, recanalization and final infarct size in acute ischemic stroke patients treated by intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). MRI was performed prior to thrombolysis and at day 1 with the following sequences: magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), T2*-gradient echo (GE) imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI). Final infarct size was assessed at day 60 by T2-weighted imaging (T2-WI). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was assessed prior to rt-PA therapy and the modified Rankin Scale (m-RS) score was assessed at day 60. A poor outcome was defined as a day 60 m-RS score >2. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify the predictors of clinical outcome, recanalization and infarct size. Forty-nine patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Baseline NIHSS score was the best independent indicator of clinical outcome (p=0.002). A worse clinical outcome was observed in patients with tandem internal carotid artery (ICA)+middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion versus other sites of arterial occlusion (p=0.009), and in patients with larger pretreatment PWI (p=0.001) and DWI (p=0.01) lesion volumes. Two factors predict a low rate of recanalization: a proximal site of arterial occlusion (p=0.02) and a delayed time to peak (TTP) on pretreatment PWI (p=0.05). The final infarct size was correlated with pretreatment DWI lesion volume (p=0.025). Recanalization was associated with a lower final infarct size (p=0.003). In conclusion, a severe baseline NIHSS score, a critical level of pretreatment DWI/PWI parameters and a proximal site of occlusion are predictive of a worse outcome after IV rt-PA for acute ischemic stroke.
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ABSTRACT: We designed a prospective sequential pretreatment and posttreatment MRI study to assess the relation between neuroimaging parameters and clinical outcome in patients treated with intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rtPA). Patients with symptoms of acute hemispheric ischemic stroke were recruited. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was assessed at baseline and at days 1, 7, and 60, and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) at day 60, by which outcome was classified in terms of independence (mRS score 0, 1, or 2) or severe disability or death (mRS score 3 through 6), was assigned. Multimodal stroke MRI was performed at presentation and repeated at day 1. MRI procedures included magnetic resonance angiography, T2* gradient-echo sequence, echoplanar imaging, and isotropic diffusion- (DWI) and perfusion-weighted (PWI) imaging. Patients were treated with intravenous rtPA after MRI completion. Twenty-nine patients (16 men and 13 women; mean+/-SD age, 65+/-14 years) underwent MRI; the mean time from symptom onset to treatment was 255+/-62 minutes. Twenty-six patients had a vessel occlusion, and 15 patients experienced a partial (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction [TIMI]-2) or total (TIMI-3) recanalization at day 1, whereas 11 patients had a persistent occlusion. Mean NIHSS scores at day 60 were 5.7+/-5.4 if recanalization had occurred and 14+/-2 in cases of persistent occlusion. According to the mRS, 13 patients were independent (mRS 0 through 2), whereas severe disability or death (mRS 3 through 6) was observed in 15 patients. A better outcome was observed when recanalization was achieved (r=-0.68, P=0.0002). PWI volume and time to peak (TTP) within the DWI lesion assessed before therapy were correlated with day-60 NIHSS score (PWI volume: r=0.51, P=0.006, TTP: r=0.35, P=0.07). The day-0 DWI abnormality volume was well correlated with day-60 NIHSS score (r=0.58, P=0.001). Multiple regression linear analysis showed that 2 factors mainly influenced clinical outcome: (1) recanalization, with a high correlation with NIHSS score at day 60 (P=0.0001) and (2) day-0 DWI lesion volume, which is closely associated with day-60 NIHSS score (P=0.03). Baseline DWI volume and recanalization are the main factors influencing clinical outcome after rtPA for ischemic stroke.Stroke 03/2003; 34(2):458-63. · 6.16 Impact Factor
- Annals of Neurology 01/2003; 52(6):695-6. · 11.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An open angiography-based, dose rate escalation study on the effect of intravenous infusion of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) on cerebral arterial recanalization in patients with acute focal cerebral ischemia was performed at 16 centers. Arterial occlusions consistent with acute ischemia in the carotid or vertebrobasilar territory in the absence of detectable intracerebral hemorrhage were prerequisites for treatment. After the 60-minute rt-PA infusion, arterial perfusion was assessed by repeat angiography and computed tomography scans were performed at 24 hours to assess hemorrhagic transformation. Of 139 patients with symptoms of focal ischemia, 80.6% (112) had complete occlusion of the primary vessel at a mean of 5.4 +/- 1.7 hours after symptom onset. No dose rate response of cerebral arterial recanalization was observed in 93 patients who completed the rt-PA infusion. Middle cerebral artery division (M2) and branch (M3) occlusions were more likely to undergo recanalization by 60 minutes than were internal carotid artery occlusions. Hemorrhagic infarction occurred in 20.2% and parenchymatous hematoma in 10.6% of patients over all dose rates, while neurological worsening accompanied hemorrhagic transformation (hemorrhagic infarction and parenchymatous hematoma) in 9.6% of patients. All findings were within prospective safety guidelines. No dose rate correlation with hemorrhagic infarction, parenchymatous hematoma, or both was seen. Hemorrhagic transformation occurred significantly more frequently in patients receiving treatment at least 6 hours after symptom onset. No relationship between hemorrhagic transformation and recanalization was observed. This study indicates that site of occlusion, time to recanalization, and time to treatment are important variables in acute stroke intervention with this agent.Annals of Neurology 08/1992; 32(1):78-86. · 11.19 Impact Factor