Aβ localization in abnormal endosomes: Association with earliest Aβ elevations in AD and Down syndrome
Mailman Research Center, McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA. Neurobiology of Aging
(Impact Factor: 5.01).
11/2004; 25(10):1263-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2004.02.027
Early endosomes are a major site of amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and a convergence point for molecules of pathologic relevance to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuronal endosome enlargement, reflecting altered endocytic function, is a disease-specific response that develops years before the earliest stage of AD and Down syndrome (DS). We examined how endocytic dysfunction is related to Abeta accumulation and distribution in early stage AD and DS. We found by ELISA and immunocytochemistry that the appearance of enlarged endosomes coincided with an initial rise in soluble Abeta40 and Abeta42 peptides, which preceded amyloid deposition. Double-immunofluorescence using numerous Abeta antibodies showed that intracellular Abeta localized principally to rab5-positive endosomes in neurons from AD brains and was prominent in enlarged endosomes. Abeta was not detectable in neurons from normal controls and was diminished after amyloid deposition in neuropathologically confirmed AD. These studies support growing evidence that endosomal pathology contributes significantly to Abeta overproduction and accumulation in sporadic AD and in AD associated with DS and may signify earlier disease-relevant disturbances of the signaling functions of endosomes.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.