Open reduction and stable fixation of isolated, displaced talar neck and body fractures.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this retrospective review was to evaluate the long-term results of surgical treatment of isolated, displaced talar neck and/or body fractures with stable internal fixation.
The study included twenty-five patients with a total of twenty-six displaced fractures isolated to the talus that had been treated with open reduction and stable internal fixation and followed for a minimum of forty-eight months after the injury. The final follow-up examination included standard radiographs, computed tomography, and a clinical evaluation. Variables that were analyzed included wound type, fracture type, Hawkins type, comminution, timing of the surgical intervention, surgical approach, quality of fracture reduction, Hawkins sign, osteonecrosis, union, time to union, posttraumatic arthritis, and the AOFAS scores including subscores (pain, function, and alignment).
The average duration of follow-up was seventy-four months. Surgical intervention resulted in sixteen fractures with an anatomic reduction, five with a nearly anatomic reduction, and five with a poor reduction. All eight noncomminuted fractures were anatomically reduced. The overall union rate was 88%. All closed, displaced talar neck fractures healed, regardless of the time delay until surgical intervention. Posttraumatic arthritis of the subtalar joint was the most common finding and was seen in all patients, sixteen of whom had involvement of more than one joint. Osteonecrosis was a common finding, seen after thirteen of the twenty-six fractures overall and after six of the seven open fractures.
Open reduction and internal fixation is recommended for the treatment of displaced talar neck and/or body fractures. A delay in surgical fixation does not appear to affect the outcome, union, or prevalence of osteonecrosis. Posttraumatic arthritis is a more common complication than osteonecrosis following operative treatment. Patients with a displaced fracture of the talus should be counseled that posttraumatic arthritis and chronic pain are expected outcomes even after anatomic reduction and stable fixation. This is especially true following open fractures.
- SourceAvailable from: Ayhan Kiliç[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fractures of talar body are rare and serious injuries and frequently seen in multiply injured and polytraumatised patients. The high variability of talar fractures, their relatively low incidence together with the high percentage of concomitant injuries makes treatment of these injuries a challenge to the surgeon. We treated three patients with talus body fracture and multiple articular fractures of the distal tibia. The patients were male, aged 36, 34 and 40 years. All cases were treated by open reduction and internal fixation. All the fractures were united during an average follow-up of 13 months and there were neither non-union nor collapses due to avascular necrosis.Cases Journal 06/2009; 2(1):7953. DOI:10.4076/1757-1626-2-7953
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ABSTRACT: Injuries of the talus represents an important part of the foot and ankle trauma. Since talar bone connect the lower limb and foot, the sequelas of its trauma could have significant influence on the function of the whole lower limb and gait. The specific vascularization of the talus results in delayed union and even in the avascular necrosis. The diagnosis of the fractures of the talus can be made on the x-rays, but sometimes real picture of the fracture pattern can be seen only in the CT scans. Ocult fractures such as osteochondral fractures and avascular necrosis can be exactly detected on MRI in aim not to be overlookded as the ankle sprain diagnosis. The precise reduction and stable internal fixation is mandatory in the treatment to enable the anatomical position of the talonavicular, talocrural and subtalar joint and to make possible early motion and rehabilitation, without weight bearing. On the other hand, crushed fractures, open fractures and the Hawkins III-IV fractures with the dislocations of the talar body sometimes needs salvage procedures like Blair or tibio-talar or tibio-calcaneal fusion.Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2012; 59(1):25-30. DOI:10.2298/ACI1201025L
Article: Talar Neck Fractures[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Talar neck fractures are an uncommon fracture that historically have been associated with high rates of complications such as malunion, post-traumatic arthritis, and avascular necrosis. A thorough understanding of the anatomy and available treatment options is vital to obtaining good clinical results. A 2-incision approach with lateral plating of the talar neck facilitates anatomic reduction, debridement of the subtalar joint of fracture debris, and allows for stable extra-articular fixation.Techniques in Orthopaedics 01/2012; 27(2):126-129. DOI:10.1097/BTO.0b013e31825c060e