Locking compression plate loosening and plate breakage: a report of four cases.

Surgical Department, Kantonspital Chur, Switzerland.
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma (Impact Factor: 1.54). 10/2004; 18(8):571-7. DOI: 10.1097/00005131-200409000-00016
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Locking Compression Plate (LCP) system offers a number of advantages in fracture fixation combining angular stability through the use of locking screws with traditional fixation techniques. This makes the implant particularly suitable for use in poor bone stock and complex joint fractures, especially in the epimetaphyseal area. However, the system is complex, requiring careful attention to biomechanical principles, and a number of potential pitfalls need to be considered. These pitfalls are illustrated in the 4 cases described herein, in which treatment was unsuccessful due to implant breakage or loosening. In each case, treatment failure could be attributed to the choice of an inappropriate plate and/or fixation technique, rather than to the features of the Locking Compression Plate system itself. Such experiences highlight the importance of detailed understanding of the biomechanical principles of plate fixation as well as careful preoperative planning for the successful use of the Locking Compression Plate system.

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