Insulin-like growth factor I: the yin and yang of muscle atrophy.

Endocrinology (Impact Factor: 4.64). 12/2004; 145(11):4803-5. DOI: 10.1210/en.2004-1037
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: In the past decades, glucocorticoid (GC) hormones and their cognate, intracellular receptor, the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), have been well established as critical checkpoints in mammalian energy homeostasis. Whereas many aspects in healthy nutrient metabolism require physiological levels and/or action of GC, aberrant GC/GR signalling has been linked to severe metabolic dysfunction, including obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Consequently, studies of the molecular mechanisms within the GC signalling axis have become a major focus in biomedical research, up-to-date particularly focusing on systemic glucose and lipid handling. However, with the availability of novel high throughput technologies and more sophisticated metabolic phenotyping capabilities, as-yet non-appreciated, metabolic functions of GC have been recently discovered, including regulatory roles of the GC/GR axis in protein and bile acid homeostasis as well as metabolic inter-organ communication. Therefore, this review summarizes recent advances in GC/GR biology, and summarises findings relevant for basic and translational metabolic research.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 03/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.mce.2013.03.007 · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Research to evaluate effective and selective insecticides through periodic screening is needed to strengthen diamondback moth (DBM) (Plutella xylostella L.) management. The efficacy of the insect growth regulator novaluron on DBM and effects on the parasitoids Diadegma sp. (Hym.: Ichneumonidae), Apanteles sp. (Hym.: Braconidae) and Oomyzus sokolowskii Kurdjumov (Hym.: Eulophidae) were evaluated. Novaluron was compared with the microbial insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) var. aizawai, the pyrethroid insecticide λ- cyhalothrin and the organophosphate insecticide profenofos. Two replicated experiments were conducted on head cabbage, Brassica oleracea var. capitata, planted in March and May 2007 at Wonji in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Infestation by DBM was less with novaluron and Bt compared with other treatments for both planting dates. Infestation with λ-cyhalothrin and profenofos was comparable with the untreated control. Yields were greatest with novaluron and were 80 and 32.5% (12.4 and 7.4 t ha−1) greater than the untreated treatment for the first and second plantings, respectively. Diadegma sp. accounted for 91% of the parasitoid complex observed. Parasitism of DBM by Diadegma sp. ranged between 10 and 43% among treatments. Parasitism was less with λ-cyhalothrin and profenofos compared with other treatments. Owing to its efficacy against DBM and relative safety to its parasitoid, Diadegma sp., novaluron can be used in integrated DBM management for low elevation brassica production in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia.
    Crop Protection 08/2011; 30(8):1087-1090. DOI:10.1016/j.cropro.2011.03.027 · 1.54 Impact Factor
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