Distinguishing features of nontraumatic and traumatic retinal dialyses

Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States
Retina (Impact Factor: 3.18). 11/2004; 24(5):669-75. DOI: 10.1097/00006982-200410000-00001
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: To compare initial findings and final prognosis of retinal detachments (RDs) secondary to open or closed ocular injuries. This prospective study comprised 50 consecutive patients with open (n = 25, with initial successful repair) or closed (n = 25) globe injuries during a 3-year period (2004-2007), with follow-up of at least 6 months (10.1 ± 5.8 months). The most common surgical procedure (76%) was pars plana vitrectomy. Clinical findings were similar in both groups for RD location and extent, frequency of macular involvement, number and nature of tears, and grade of proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Retinal detachment secondary to open/closed globe injury differed significantly, with longer time to onset after trauma, lower frequency in children, and higher rate of aphakia. Final anatomical and functional prognosis and rate of RD recurrence (25%) were similar in both groups. Good final visual prognosis (≥20/40) was significantly associated with initial visual acuity >20/200 and macula-on RD. Definitive redetachments (n = 3) were related to history of posttrauma endophthalmitis, posterior intraocular foreign body, or severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Final prognosis was similar in eyes with RD secondary to open and closed globe injuries. The surgical technique depended mainly on lens status, type of retinal tear (dialysis and giant retinal tear), and the presence of preoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Final prognosis (visual acuity ≥20/40) was associated with initial visual acuity >20/200 and macula-on status.
    Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 02/2011; 31(6):1143-9. DOI:10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181f9c22e · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper outlines general guidelines following the initial diagnosis of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. These include preoperative evaluation, treatment, possible intra- and post-operative complications, retinal re-detachment, and all therapeutic options available for each case. Treatment of the traumatic retinal detachment is also described, due to its importance and peculiarities. Treatment or prophylactic guidelines are suggested for the different types of retinal detachment described. These are based on both the experience of the ophthalmologists that have participated in preparing the guidelines, and also on evidence-based grading linked to bibliographical sources. However, these guidelines should not be interpreted as being mandatory. Given that there is a wide spectrum of options for treatment of retinal detachment, the surgeons' experience with one or other surgical technique will be of utmost importance in obtaining the best surgical result. As guidelines, they are intended as an additional aid to the surgeon during the decision-making process, with the expectation that the final choice will still be left to the surgeon's judgment and past experience.
    Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia 01/2013; 88(1):11-35. DOI:10.1016/j.oftale.2013.02.002