Experimental study on the regeneration of peripheral nerve gaps through a polyglycolic acid-collagen (PGA-collagen) tube.
ABSTRACT We have developed a bioabsorbable polyglycolic acid (PGA) tube filled with collagen sponge (PGA-collagen tube) as a nerve connective guide, and compared its effectiveness with that of autograft in terms of nerve regeneration across a gap. The PGA-collagen tube was implanted into 24 beagle dogs across a 15-mm gap in the left peroneal nerve. The right peroneal nerve was reconstructed with the autograft harvested from the left side, as a control. After the surgery, the connective tissue extended from both cut ends in the PGA-collagen tube and connected again at the center. Pathologically, the collagen sponge in the tube provided adequate scaffolding for nerve tissue extension, and the nerve tissue reconnected within 3 weeks. Electrophysiologically, muscle-evoked potentials (MEPs) and compound nerve action potentials (CNAPs) were detected 18 days after the surgery. For up to 6 months postsurgery, CNAPs and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) on the PGA-collagen side had a shorter latency and larger peak voltage than those on the autograft side. The myelinated axons on the PGA side were larger in diameter than those on the autograft side. It is suggested that the PGA-collagen tube has the potential to be an effective alternative to conventional autografting for the repair of some peripheral nerve defects.
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ABSTRACT: Peripheral nerve injury is a worldwide clinical problem which could lead to loss of neuronal communication along sensory and motor nerves between the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral organs and impairs the quality of life of a patient. The primary requirement for the treatment of complete lesions is a tension-free, end-to-end repair. When end-to-end repair is not possible, peripheral nerve grafts or nerve conduits are used. The limited availability of autografts, and drawbacks of the allografts and xenografts like immunological reactions, forced the researchers to investigate and develop alternative approaches, mainly nerve conduits. In this review, recent information on the various types of conduit materials (made of biological and synthetic polymers) and designs (tubular, fibrous, and matrix type) are being presented.Medical Devices: Evidence and Research 01/2014; 7:405-424. DOI:10.2147/MDER.S59124
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ABSTRACT: The gold standard of peripheral nerve repair is nerve autograft when tensionless repair is not possible. Use of nerve autograft has several shortcomings, however. These include limited availability of donor tissue, sacrifice of a functional nerve, and possible neuroma formation. In order to address these deficiencies, researchers have developed a variety of biomaterials available for repair of peripheral nerve gaps. We review the clinical studies published in the English literature detailing outcomes and reconstructive options. Regardless of the material used or the type of nerve repaired, outcomes are generally similar to nerve autograft in gaps less than 3 cm. New biomaterials currently under preclinical evaluation may provide improvements in outcomes.