Utilization of enzymes for environmental applications.

Human Genome Sciences, Inc., Rockville, MD, USA.
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 7.84). 02/2004; 24(2-3):125-54. DOI: 10.1080/07388550490493726
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Enzymes are powerful tools that help sustain a clean environment in several ways. They are utilized for environmental purposes in a number of industries including agro-food, oil, animal feed, detergent, pulp and paper, textile, leather, petroleum, and specialty chemical and biochemical industry. Enzymes also help to maintain an unpolluted environment through their use in waste management. Recombinant DNA technology, protein engineering, and rational enzyme design are the emerging areas of research pertaining to environmental applications of enzymes. The future will also see the employment of various technologies including gene shuffling, high throughput screening, and nanotechnology. This article presents an overview of the enzymatic applications in pollution control and the promising research avenues in this area.

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