Reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumors of the gastrointestinal tract: Report of 8 cases

University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Moravskoslezský, Czech Republic
International Journal of Surgical Pathology (Impact Factor: 0.96). 11/2004; 12(4):365-74. DOI: 10.1177/106689690401200409
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Eight cases of reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor of the gastrointestinal tract are presented. The patients included 6 males and 2 females between the ages of 1 and 68 years (mean age 41.5 years). Three tumors involved the small intestine, and 5 of the investigated lesions were located in the large bowel. Of these, 2 originated in the sigmoid colon, 1 in the cecum, 1 in the appendix, and 1 in the large bowel not otherwise specified. The tumors' size varied from 3 to 10 cm in the greatest diameter (mean 6.2 cm). Histologically they were composed of stellate or spindle shaped cells resembling fibroblasts arranged haphazardly or in intersecting fascicles, embedded in a collagen-rich stroma, with sparse intralesional mononuclear cells frequently arranged in lymphoid aggregates. Immunohistochemically, the lesions were positive for vimentin (7/7), smooth muscle actin (8/8), muscle-specific actin (5/7), cytokeratins AE1/AE3 (6/7), and CAM 5.2 (1/7), and antigen CD68 (1/7). No case (0/8) reacted positively with antibody to CD117 (c-kit). Genetically no substitutions, deletions, or insertions occurred in exon 11 in all analyzed samples. Likewise, no deletions or insertions in part of exon 9 were observed. Ultrastructurally the tumor cells revealed features typical of myofibroblasts. According to the morphologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features mentioned above, especially to the positivity of low-molecular-weight cytokeratins, we propose this lesion to be related to a proliferation of multipotential subserosal cells rather than ordinary myofibroblasts or fibroblasts.

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    ABSTRACT: We will describe a case of a patient diagnosed with a rare identity of a benign lesion, "reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor" (RNFP). It is a tumor which preoperatively can present as a malignant tumor and is only reported in 19 cases. According to the very limited amount of information on this tumor in the literature it is mostly seen after trauma or intraperitoneal inflammation. Our case is the second one of RNFP associated with endometriosis, which is a frequently seen intraperitoneal inflammation process in women. Knowledge that these large pseudotumoral lesions can occur is important to direct the management of these patients.
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