Reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumors of the gastrointestinal tract: Report of 8 cases
ABSTRACT Eight cases of reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor of the gastrointestinal tract are presented. The patients included 6 males and 2 females between the ages of 1 and 68 years (mean age 41.5 years). Three tumors involved the small intestine, and 5 of the investigated lesions were located in the large bowel. Of these, 2 originated in the sigmoid colon, 1 in the cecum, 1 in the appendix, and 1 in the large bowel not otherwise specified. The tumors' size varied from 3 to 10 cm in the greatest diameter (mean 6.2 cm). Histologically they were composed of stellate or spindle shaped cells resembling fibroblasts arranged haphazardly or in intersecting fascicles, embedded in a collagen-rich stroma, with sparse intralesional mononuclear cells frequently arranged in lymphoid aggregates. Immunohistochemically, the lesions were positive for vimentin (7/7), smooth muscle actin (8/8), muscle-specific actin (5/7), cytokeratins AE1/AE3 (6/7), and CAM 5.2 (1/7), and antigen CD68 (1/7). No case (0/8) reacted positively with antibody to CD117 (c-kit). Genetically no substitutions, deletions, or insertions occurred in exon 11 in all analyzed samples. Likewise, no deletions or insertions in part of exon 9 were observed. Ultrastructurally the tumor cells revealed features typical of myofibroblasts. According to the morphologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features mentioned above, especially to the positivity of low-molecular-weight cytokeratins, we propose this lesion to be related to a proliferation of multipotential subserosal cells rather than ordinary myofibroblasts or fibroblasts.
SourceAvailable from: Katya Op de Beeck[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We will describe a case of a patient diagnosed with a rare identity of a benign lesion, "reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor" (RNFP). It is a tumor which preoperatively can present as a malignant tumor and is only reported in 19 cases. According to the very limited amount of information on this tumor in the literature it is mostly seen after trauma or intraperitoneal inflammation. Our case is the second one of RNFP associated with endometriosis, which is a frequently seen intraperitoneal inflammation process in women. Knowledge that these large pseudotumoral lesions can occur is important to direct the management of these patients.03/2014; 2014:421234. DOI:10.1155/2014/421234
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ABSTRACT: Reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor (RNFP) is a tumor-like lesion that is characterized by reactive fibroblast/myofibroblast proliferation within collagenic hyalinized stroma, due to its association with injury or inflammation. The current study describes the case of a 60-year-old female with a history of abdominal surgery and abdominal pain. Upon laparoscopy, multiple nodules attached to the outer layer of the colon and mesentery were identified, and therefore, complete surgical excision was performed. Macroscopically, the nodules were well-circumscribed, firm, tan-white in color and ranged in size between 2.0-10.0 cm at the greatest dimension. Microscopically, the nodules were composed of spindle and stellate cells in a dense collagenic hyalinized background with sparse lymphocytic infiltration. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated positive staining for vimentin, smooth muscle actin and cluster of differentiation (CD) 117, and focally-positive keratin staining with AE1/AE3; however, no staining was observed for gastrointestinal stromal tumor 1, CD34, S-100, anaplastic lymphoma kinase or β-catenin. Therefore, it was proposed that the lesion may be most accurately described as an RNFP. The current study reports a rare case of RNFP, emphasizing its histopathological features and differential diagnoses to promote an improved and broader understanding of this poorly understood condition.Oncology letters 03/2015; 9(3):1343-1346. DOI:10.3892/ol.2015.2882 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor (RNFP), which presents abdominal clinical manifestations and malignant radiographic results, usually requires radical resection as the treatment. However, RNFP has been recently described as an extremely rare benign post-inflammatory lesion of a reactive nature, which typically arises from the sub-serosal layer of the digestive tract or within the surrounding mesentery in association with local injury or inflammation. In addition, a postoperative diagnosis is necessary to differentiate it from the other reactive processes of the abdomen. Furthermore, RNFP shows a good prognosis without signs of recurrence or metastasis. A 16-year-old girl presented with a 3-mo history of epigastric discomfort, and auxiliary examinations suggested a malignant tumor originating from the stomach; postoperative pathology confirmed RNFP, and after a 2-year follow-up period, the patient did not display any signs of recurrence. This case highlights the importance of preoperative pathology for surgeons who may encounter similar cases.04/2014; 2(4):111-9. DOI:10.12998/wjcc.v2.i4.111