[Clinicopathological analysis of primary intestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a report of 32 cases].
ABSTRACT To investigate the clinical and pathological features and prognostic factors of primary intestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
Thirty-Two cases of intestinal NHL were studied clinically and pathologically. All cases were reclassified according to the WHO classification of lymphoma in 2001.
Twenty-one cases (65.6%) were diagnosed as B-cell lymphomas, including 15 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 2 cases of mantle cell lymphoma, 1 case of follicular lymphoma, 2 cases of MALT lymphoma and 1 case of Burkitt's lymphoma. Ten cases (31.2%) were diagnosed as T cell lymphomas, including 2 enteropathy-associated T cell lymphomas (EATCL) and 8 cases non-EATCL. One case (3.1%) was diagnosed as histiocytic lymphoma. Nine cases were at stage I-II and 23 cases were at stage III-IV. Follow-up information was available in all cases ranging from 4 to 168 months (mean 25.6 months). Fifteen cases died of the disease. The mortality rates were 33% for B cell lymphoma and 80% for T cell neoplasms. Based on Cox multivariate analysis, the clinical stage and histological types of the disease were important prognostic factors (P < 0.05). T cell lymphoma had a relatively poor prognosis.
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common subtype of primary intestinal lymphomas. Colon is the most common site involved, followed by the small intestine. Early stage of the disease and low-grade lymphoma appear to have a better prognosis. T cell lymphoma has a very poor prognosis.
Article: Peripheral T cell lymphoma in Asia[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms, the incidence of which is higher in Asian countries than in Western countries. Although its etiology is mainly unknown, several risk factors (such as genetic factors, abnormal immunity, environmental factors, and infectious causes) have been proposed. PTCL are classified based on a combination of several parameters, including morphology, site of presentation, viral status, immunophenotype, and specific genetic alterations. Their classification is ongoing, with the emergence of new entities and refinement of existing entities because of the development of diagnostic markers and new genetic alterations. This review presents epidemiologic data for PTCL in Asia, together with recent progress in the pathology of PTCL compared with the WHO 2008 classification.International journal of hematology 01/2014; 99(3). DOI:10.1007/s12185-014-1520-3 · 1.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and intestinal lymphoma are intestinal disorders in dogs, both causing similar chronic digestive signs, although with a different prognosis and different treatment requirements. Differentiation between these 2 conditions is based on histopathologic evaluation of intestinal biopsies. However, an accurate diagnosis is often difficult based on histology alone, especially when only endoscopic biopsies are available to differentiate IBD from enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) type 2, a small cell lymphoma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of histopathology; immunohistochemistry (IHC) for CD3, CD20, and Ki-67; and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for antigen receptor rearrangement (T-cell clonality) in the differential diagnosis of severe IBD vs intestinal lymphoma. Endoscopic biopsies from 32 dogs with severe IBD or intestinal lymphoma were evaluated. The original diagnosis was based on microscopic examination of hematoxylin and eosin (HE)-stained sections alone followed by a second evaluation using morphology in association with IHC for CD3 and CD20 and a third evaluation using PCR for clonality. Our results show that, in contrast to feline intestinal lymphomas, 6 of 8 canine small intestinal lymphomas were EATL type 1 (large cell) lymphomas. EATL type 2 was uncommon. Regardless, in dogs, intraepithelial lymphocytes were not an important diagnostic feature to differentiate IBD from EATL as confirmed by PCR. EATL type 1 had a significantly higher Ki-67 index than did EATL type 2 or IBD cases. Based on the results of this study, a stepwise diagnostic approach using histology as the first step, followed by immunophenotyping and determining the Ki67 index and finally PCR for clonality, improves the accuracy of distinguishing intestinal lymphoma from IBD in dogs. © The Author(s) 2014.Veterinary Pathology 12/2014; DOI:10.1177/0300985814559398 · 2.04 Impact Factor