Interleukin-10 attenuates the response to vascular injury
Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Health, Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA. Journal of Surgical Research
(Impact Factor: 1.94).
11/2004; 121(2):206-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2004.03.025
The inflammatory response to vascular injury is characterized by expression of cytokines, growth factors, and chemokines that conspire to promote vessel remodeling and intimal hyperplasia (IH). Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a multifunctional cytokine that has several anti-inflammatory properties in vitro. Few studies have evaluated the effects of IL-10 in experimental atherosclerosis. The purpose of the present study was to determine the influence of IL-10 on vascular inflammation and IH following mechanical injury.
Wire carotid injury was performed in wild-type (WT) mice with and without IL-10 treatment. Immunohistochemistry, PCR, and ELISA assays were used to examine vessel production of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB). Vessels were morphometrically analyzed for IH.
Carotid injury induced early expression of MCP-1 and bFGF that was abrogated in mice treated with IL-10. Similarly, injury-induced expression of NFkappaB message and protein was attenuated in mice receiving exogenous IL-10. Compared to untreated mice, IL-10 markedly decreased levels of IH. Interestingly, carotid injury in IL-10-deficient mice resulted in an augmented IH response compared to injured WT mice.
In an in vivo model of direct vascular injury, IL-10 decreased expression of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor, NFkappaB, and the mitogenic chemokine and growth factor, MCP-1 and bFGF, respectively. These observations were associated with IL-10-induced attenuation of IH. Furthermore, endogenous IL-10 appeared to suppress the injury response. In conclusion, exogenously delivered IL-10 may represent a clinically relevant anti-inflammatory strategy for post-injury intimal hyperplasia.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.