Interleukin-10 attenuates the response to vascular injury.
ABSTRACT The inflammatory response to vascular injury is characterized by expression of cytokines, growth factors, and chemokines that conspire to promote vessel remodeling and intimal hyperplasia (IH). Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a multifunctional cytokine that has several anti-inflammatory properties in vitro. Few studies have evaluated the effects of IL-10 in experimental atherosclerosis. The purpose of the present study was to determine the influence of IL-10 on vascular inflammation and IH following mechanical injury.
Wire carotid injury was performed in wild-type (WT) mice with and without IL-10 treatment. Immunohistochemistry, PCR, and ELISA assays were used to examine vessel production of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB). Vessels were morphometrically analyzed for IH.
Carotid injury induced early expression of MCP-1 and bFGF that was abrogated in mice treated with IL-10. Similarly, injury-induced expression of NFkappaB message and protein was attenuated in mice receiving exogenous IL-10. Compared to untreated mice, IL-10 markedly decreased levels of IH. Interestingly, carotid injury in IL-10-deficient mice resulted in an augmented IH response compared to injured WT mice.
In an in vivo model of direct vascular injury, IL-10 decreased expression of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor, NFkappaB, and the mitogenic chemokine and growth factor, MCP-1 and bFGF, respectively. These observations were associated with IL-10-induced attenuation of IH. Furthermore, endogenous IL-10 appeared to suppress the injury response. In conclusion, exogenously delivered IL-10 may represent a clinically relevant anti-inflammatory strategy for post-injury intimal hyperplasia.
SourceAvailable from: Hans Christoph Pape[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Interleukin-10 is known to modulate the systemic inflammatory response after trauma. This study investigates differences in the systemic and end-organ inflammation in animals treated with either inhalative or systemic IL-10 after experimental hemorrhagic shock (HS). Pressure controlled HS was performed in C57/BL6 mice for 1.5h (6 animals per group). Inhalative or systemic recombinant mouse IL-10 (50 μg/kg dissolved in 50 μl PBS) was administered after resuscitation. Animals were sacrificed after 4.5 or 22.5h of recovery. Serum levels of IL-6, IL-10, KC, MCP-1, and LBP were determined by ELISA. Pulmonary and liver inflammation was analyzed by standardized Myeloperoxidase (MPO) kits. Systemic and inhalative IL-10 administration affected the systemic inflammatory response as well as end-organ inflammation differently. Differences were obvious in the early (6h) but not later (24h) inflammatory phase. Systemic IL-10 application was associated with a decreased systemic inflammatory response as well as hepatic inflammation, whereas nebulized IL-10 solely reduced the pulmonary inflammation. Our study demonstrates that systemic and nebulized IL-10 administration differentially influenced the systemic cytokine response and end-organ inflammation. Early pulmonary but not hepatic protection appears to be possible by inhalative IL-10 application. Further studies are necessary to assess exact pathways.Cytokine 06/2012; 60(1):266-70. DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2012.05.028 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abdominal obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and recent studies highlight a key role of adipose tissue dysfunction, inflammation, and aberrant adipokine release in this process. An increased demand for lipid storage results in both hyperplasia and hypertrophy, finally leading to chronic inflammation, hypoxia, and a phenotypic change of the cellular components of adipose tissue, collectively leading to a substantially altered secretory output of adipose tissue. In this review we have assessed the adipo-vascular axis, and an overview of adipokines associated with cardiovascular disease is provided. This resulted in a first list of more than 30 adipokines. A deeper analysis only considered adipokines that have been reported to impact on inflammation and NF-κB activation in the vasculature. Out of these, the most prominent link to cardiovascular disease was found for leptin, TNF-α, adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein, interleukins, and several novel adipokines such as lipocalin-2 and pigment epithelium-derived factor. Future work will need to address the potential role of these molecules as biomarkers and/or drug targets.AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 03/2012; 302(11):H2148-65. DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.00907.2011 · 4.01 Impact Factor
Chapter: The Role of IL-10 in AtherosclerosisAtherogenesis, 01/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-992-9