TMVA is a C-type lectin-like protein with potent platelet activating activity from Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus venom. In the absence of von Willebrand factor (vWF), TMVA dose-dependently induced aggregation of washed platelets. Anti-GP Ib monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), HIP1, specifically inhibited TMVA-induced aggregation in a dose-dependent manner. The aggregation was also inhibited by mAb P2 (an anti-GP IIb mAb). Flow cytometric analysis revealed that FITC-TMVA bound to human formalin-fixed platelets in a saturable manner, and its binding was specifically blocked by HIP1 in a dose-dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis showed that TMVA did not bind to platelet GPIX, GPIIb, GPIIIa, GPIa, GPIIa and GPIV. Moreover, the platelet aggregation induced by TMVA was partially inhibited when platelet was pretreated with mocarhagin, a snake venom protease that specifically cleaves human GPIb. These results suggest that TMVA is a strong platelet agonist via GPIb and it might have multiple functional binding-sites on GPIb molecule or on other unknown receptor.
"CLPs were first characterized for their role in affecting immune system functions, such as inflammation and immunity against tumors and virally infected cells. Several CLPs have also been shown to strongly modulate the platelet aggregation process via the interactions between von Willebrand factor and platelet GPIb (Peng et al., 1993; Yoshida et al., 1993; Yeh et al., 2000; Tai et al., 2004). However, their role in angiogenesis, through their anti-integrin properties, remains to be elucidated. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrins play an essential role in endothelial cell motility processes during angiogenesis and thus present interesting targets for the development of new anti-angiogenic agents. Snake venoms naturally contain a variety of proteins that can affect integrin-ligand interactions. Recently, the C-type lectin proteins (CLPs) have been characterized as efficient modulators of integrin functions. In this study, we investigated the anti-angiogenic activity of lebectin, a newly discovered CLP from Macrovipera lebetina venom. Human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC), used as an in vitro model, express alphavbeta3, alphavbeta5, and alpha5beta1 integrins, as well as the alpha2, alpha3, alpha6, and beta4 subunits. Our data show that lebectin acts as a very potent inhibitor (IC(50) approximately 0.5 nM) of HBMEC adhesion and migration on fibronectin by blocking the adhesive functions of both the alpha5beta1 and alphaV integrins. In addition, lebectin strongly inhibits both HBMEC in vitro tubulogenesis on Matrigel trade mark (IC(50) = 0.4 nM) and proliferation. Finally, using both a chicken CAM assay and a Matrigel trade mark Plug assay in nude mice, our results show that lebectin displays potent anti-angiogenic activity in vivo. Lebectin thus represents a new C-type lectin with anti-angiogenic properties with great potential for the treatment of angiogenesis-related diseases.
"antibodies. In the presence of polyclonal anti-GPIb antibodies , 80% of the platelet aggregation induced by mucetin, a platelet agonist from T. mucrosquamatus venom acting via GPIb  , was inhibited. On the other hand, 90% and 50% of the platelet aggregations induced by collagen were inhibited by monoclonal anti-b 1 and anti-CD36 antibodies, respectively. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In mammals, trefoil factor family (TFF) proteins are involved in mucosal maintenance and repair, and they are also implicated in tumor suppression and cancer progression. A novel two domain TFF protein from frog Bombina maxima skin secretions (Bm-TFF2) has been purified and cloned. It activated human platelets in a dose-dependent manner and activation of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) was involved. Aspirin and apyrase did not largely reduce platelet response to Bm-TFF2 (a 30% inhibition), indicating that the aggregation is not substantially dependent on ADP and thromboxane A2 autocrine feedback. Elimination of external Ca(2+) with EGTA did not influence the platelet aggregation induced by Bm-TFF2, meanwhile a strong calcium signal (cytoplasmic Ca(2+) release) was detected, suggesting that activation of phospholipase C (PLC) is involved. Subsequent immunoblotting revealed that, unlike in platelets activated by stejnulxin (a glycoprotein VI agonist), PLCgamma2 was not phosphorylated in platelets activated by Bm-TFF2. FITC-labeled Bm-TFF2 bound to platelet membranes. Bm-TFF2 is the first TFF protein reported to possess human platelet activation activity.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 06/2005; 330(4):1027-33. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.03.077 · 2.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel C-type lectin-like protein, dabocetin, was purified from Daboia russellii siamensis venom. On SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, it showed a single band with an apparent molecular weight of 28 kDa and two distinct bands with the apparent molecular weights of 15.0 kDa and 14.5 kDa under non-reducing and reducing conditions, respectively. cDNA clones containing the coding sequences for dabocetin alpha and beta subunits were isolated and sequenced. The deduced protein sequences of both subunits were confirmed by N-terminal amino acid sequencing and trypsin-digested peptide mass fingerprinting. Dabocetin did not induce platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma. It also had little effect on the platelet aggregation induced by ADP, TMVA or stejnulxin. Whereas, dabocetin inhibited ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination in platelet-rich plasma in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 0.35 microM. Flow cytometry analysis showed that dabocetin significantly inhibited mAb SZ2 binding to platelet membrane glycoprotein Ib alpha, indicating that platelet membrane glycoprotein Ib is involved in the inhibitory effect of dabocetin on ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination.
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