RAP--a putative RNA-binding domain.
ABSTRACT A novel approximately 60-residue domain has been identified in Homo sapiens MGC5297 and various other proteins in eukaryotes. Sequence searches reveal that the domain is particularly abundant in apicomplexans and is predicted to be involved in diverse RNA-binding activities.
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ABSTRACT: Both strands of human mtDNA are transcribed in continuous, multigenic units that are cleaved into the mature rRNAs, tRNAs, and mRNAs required for respiratory chain biogenesis. We sought to systematically identify nuclear-encoded proteins that contribute to processing of mtRNAs within the organelle. First, we devised and validated a multiplex MitoString assay that quantitates 27 mature and precursor mtDNA transcripts. Second, we applied MitoString profiling to evaluate the impact of silencing each of 107 mitochondrial-localized, predicted RNA-binding proteins. With the resulting data set, we rediscovered the roles of recently identified RNA-processing enzymes, detected unanticipated roles of known disease genes in RNA processing, and identified new regulatory factors. We demonstrate that one such factor, FASTKD4, modulates the half-lives of a subset of mt-mRNAs and associates with mtRNAs in vivo. MitoString profiling may be useful for diagnosing and deciphering the pathogenesis of mtDNA disorders.Cell Reports 04/2014; 7(3). DOI:10.1016/j.celrep.2014.03.035 · 7.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The mitochondrial genome relies heavily on post-transcriptional events for its proper expression, and misregulation of this process can cause mitochondrial genetic diseases in humans. Here, we report that a novel translational variant of Fas-activated serine/threonine kinase (FASTK) co-localizes with mitochondrial RNA granules and is required for the biogenesis of ND6 mRNA, a mitochondrial-encoded subunit of the NADH dehydrogenase complex (complex I). We show that ablating FASTK expression in cultured cells and mice results specifically in loss of ND6 mRNA and reduced complex I activity in vivo. FASTK binds at multiple sites along the ND6 mRNA and its precursors and cooperates with the mitochondrial degradosome to ensure regulated ND6 mRNA biogenesis. These data provide insights into the mechanism and control of mitochondrial RNA processing within mitochondrial RNA granules. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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ABSTRACT: Cytoplasmic RNA granules play a central role in mRNA metabolism, but the importance of mitochondrial RNA granules remains relatively unexplored. We characterized their proteome and found that they contain a large toolbox of proteins dedicated to RNA metabolism. Investigation of four uncharacterized putative RNA-binding proteins-two RNA helicases, DHX30 and DDX28, and two proteins of the Fas-activated serine-threonine kinase (FASTKD) family, FASTKD2 and FASTKD5-demonstrated that both helicases and FASTKD2 are required for mitochondrial ribosome biogenesis. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis showed that DDX28 and FASTKD2 bound the 16S rRNA. FASTKD5 is required for maturing precursor mRNAs that are not flanked by tRNAs and that therefore cannot be processed by the canonical mRNA maturation pathway. Silencing FASTKD5 rendered mature COX I mRNA almost undetectable, which severely reduced the synthesis of COX I, resulting in a complex IV assembly defect. These data demonstrate that mitochondrial RNA granules are centers for posttranscriptional RNA processing and the biogenesis of mitochondrial ribosomes. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.