Anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activity of the water decoction Desmodium gangeticum
ABSTRACT The water decoction of root and aerial parts of Desmodium gangeticum (Leguminosae) was examined for anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activity in experimental animals. The root and aerial decoction in doses of 5, 10 and 20 mg /kg caused a dose-dependent inhibition of swelling caused by carrageenin equivalent to 14.58-51.02% protection and 14.43-38.67%, respectively, in cotton pellet granuloma. There was a significant increase in analgesio-meter-induced force equivalent to 6.56-67.66% protection and 22.18-73.83% protection in acetic acid-induced writhing. The result establishes the traditional use of water decoction of Desmodium gangeticum codified in Indian System of Medicine.
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ABSTRACT: Desmodium podocarpum is a plant that has been used in the folk medicine to treat febrile diseases, cough and bleeding wounds. However, there is no scientific basis or reports in the modern literature regarding its effectiveness as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agent. The objective of this study is to evaluate the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities of the petroleum ether fraction (PEF) from the ethanol extract of Desmodium podocarpum. PEF (50, 100, 200 mg/kg) was estimated for its pharmacological properties by using the acetic acid-induced writhing test, the hot plate test, the Carrageenan-induced rat paw edema model, the dimethylbenzene-induced mouse inflammation model, and the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced rat fever model. In addition, the acute toxicity of PEF was also studied. PEF significantly and dose-dependently inhibited the writhing responses in mice, increased reaction time of mice in the hot plate test, reduced carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats and the dimethylbenzene-induced ear edema in mice, and attenuated LPS-induced fever in rats. No death of mice was observed when orally administered PEF up to 4.2 g/kg. These findings suggest that PEF possesses evident analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities, and has a favorable safety, which supports the use of Desmodium podocarpum as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic drug in the folk medicine.Journal of ethnopharmacology 02/2011; 133(3):1126-31. DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2010.11.042 · 2.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A docking analysis performed on four selected imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine carboxylic acid derivatives indicated the binding of these to enzymes COX-1 and COX-2 active pockets. An in vitro analysis showed that compound 3-amino imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (5) preferentially inhibited COX-2. The compounds (10 mg/kg) were evaluated in relation to a potential acute and chronic anti-inflammatory activity. Compound (5) and imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (2) inhibited the edema produced by carrageenan more efficiently than indomethacin. Chronic anti-inflammatory activity was found in derivative (5) and indomethacin-treated groups in the granuloma model, the compound (2) and nitro-acid (4) had only a fair activity. Compound (2), nitro-carboxylate (3), and (5) did not produce gastroduodenal damage.Medicinal Chemistry Research 11/2011; 21(11). DOI:10.1007/s00044-011-9870-3 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dementia is a mental disorder characterized by loss of intellectual ability sufficiently severe enough to interfere with one's occupational or social activities. Desmodium gangeticum commonly known as Salparni, is widely used in ayurveda for the treatment of neurological disorders. The present work was designed to assess the potential of aqueous extract of D. gangeticum (DG) as a nootropic agent in mice. DG (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered for 7 successive days to both young and older mice. Exteroceptive behavioral models such as elevated plus maze and passive avoidance paradigm were employed to evaluate learning and memory. Scopolamine (0.4 mg/kg, i.p.) induced amnesia and ageing induced amnesia were the interoceptive behavioral models. To delineate the mechanism by which DG exerts nootropic activity, the effect of DG on whole brain AChE activity was also assessed. Piracetam (200 mg/kg, i.p.) was used as a standard nootropic agent. Pretreatment with DG (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg p.o.) for seven successive days significantly improved learning and memory in mice and reversed the amnesia induced by both, scopolamine (0.4 mg/kg, i.p.) and natural ageing. DG also decreased whole brain acetyl cholinesterase activity. Hence, D. gangeticum appears to be a promising candidate for improving memory and it would be worthwhile to explore the potential of this plant in the management of dementia and Alzheimer disease.Yakugaku zasshi journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan 10/2006; 126(9):795-804. DOI:10.1248/yakushi.126.795 · 0.31 Impact Factor