Personality in men with eating disorders

Program for Eating Disorders, University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Journal of Psychosomatic Research (Impact Factor: 2.84). 10/2004; 57(3):273-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2004.02.011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study compares personality variables of men with eating disorders to women with eating disorders.
Data were obtained from an international study of the genetics of eating disorders. Forty-two male participants were age-band matched at 1:2 ratio to females from the same study. Personality features were compared between males and females controlling for diagnostic subgroup.
Males with eating disorders appear to be slightly less at risk for perfectionism, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and cooperativeness than females. Few differences were found when diagnostic subgroup was considered.
Observed differences in personality variables may help explain the difference in incidence and prevalence of eating disorders in men and women.

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Available from: Walter H Kaye, Aug 01, 2015
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    • "anxiety are inconclusive (Bramon-Bosch et al. 2000; Woodside et al. 2004; Strober et al. 2006). The fi ndings from the present study are consistent with a fractionable model of non-social cognitive and social emotional risk to EDs (Steinglass et al. 2011; Harrison et al. 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. Females are more likely to develop an eating disorder (ED) than males. Studies of affected men may therefore inform models of risk and resilience to EDs. The aim of this study was to examine putative neurocognitive intermediate phenotypes of EDs in affected males. Methods. Cognitive flexibility, central coherence (global/detail processing), complex emotion recognition and social-threat sensitivity were investigated in men with EDs and healthy men. Measures of distress, perfectionism, and obsessive compulsivity were collected. Results. Men with EDs were more cognitively inflexible across tasks and had more difficulty integrating global information than healthy men. Unexpectedly, there were no group differences on a visuospatial task of detail processing or on social-emotional processing tasks. Men with EDs had higher scores on measures of distress, perfectionism and obsessive compulsivity than healthy men. Conclusions. Men with EDs share some of the intermediate cognitive phenotype present in women with EDs. Like their female counterparts, males with EDs show an inflexible, fragmented cognitive style. However, relative to healthy men, men with EDs do not have superior detail processing abilities, poor emotion recognition or increased sensitivity to social-threat. It is possible that gender differences in social-threat processing contribute to the female preponderance of EDs.
    The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry 01/2013; 15(4). DOI:10.3109/15622975.2012.750014
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    • "The few studies assessing personality in men with ED have shown inconsistent findings. Although some studies revealed lower levels of harm avoidance, reward dependence, cooperativeness and higher scores on novelty seeking in male paticipants than female paticipants with AN (Fassino, Daga, Pierò, Leombruni, & Rovera, 2001; Woodside et al., 2004), other studies indicated a higher level of perfectionism and interpersonal distrust in male paticipants (Behar et al., 2002; Joiner et al., 2000). Taken together, there is evidence that there are gender-specific differences in eating disorder participants in terms of eating disorder symptomatology, general psychopathology and personality. "
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    ABSTRACT: To determine if male and female eating disorders differ in clinics, psychopathology and personality traits when compared with a healthy group. Sixty male and 60 female eating disorder individuals (16% anorexia nervosa, 42% bulimia nervosa and 42% eating disorder not otherwise specified), matched for age and diagnostic, were compared with 120 healthy-eating participants (60 male and 60 female participants). All were diagnosed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Assessment measures included Eating Disorder Inventory--2, Symptom Checklist--Revised and Temperament and Character Inventory--Revised, as well as other clinical and psychopathological indices. Male eating disorder participants reported significant lower laxative abuse (p = 0.020) and significant higher vomiting episodes (p = 0.019) than female eating disorder participants. Differences on drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction and some Symptom Checklist--Revised scales were found across genders in eating disorder participants. Male eating disorder participants scored significantly lower than female participants with eating disorders on harm avoidance, reward dependence and cooperativeness. Although eating disorder clinical features were similar across genders, male eating disorder participants had less body image concern and general psychopathology than female eating disorder participants.
    European Eating Disorders Review 01/2012; 20(1):23-31. DOI:10.1002/erv.1146
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    • "Body image and body dissatisfaction are gendered phenomena. Research shows that women tend to be more preoccupied (Woodside et al., 2004) and dissatisfied with their bodies than men are (e.g., Davison & McCabe, 2005; Faith & Schare, 1993; Muth & Cash, 1997; Neighbors & Sobal, 2007; Rozin, Trachtenberg, & Cohen, 2001; Smith, Thompson, Raczynski, & Hilner, 1999). Women report concealing their bodies and engaging in appearance comparisons more frequently than men do (Davison & McCabe, 2005), and intentional weight loss is more common among women (Keski-Rahkonen, Neale, et al., 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. Body image and perceived attractiveness were examined, and the impact of age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) was analyzed and discussed from an evolutionary and a sociocultural perspective. METHOD. The population-based sample consisted of 11,468 Finnish men and women aged 18 to 49 years. RESULTS. Both age-related decrease and increase in body satisfaction was detected as well as interactions between age and gender. Some effects were nonlinear. Women were generally less satisfied with their bodies than men. BMI had a stronger influence on women's body image than men's. DISCUSSION. It was proposed that it is insufficient to merely study how age affects general body image because adults might become more satisfied with some aspects of their bodies as a function of age and less satisfied with other aspects. Body satisfaction might also fluctuate during different phases of the adult life, and the patterns possibly differ between men and women.
    Journal of Aging and Health 12/2009; 21(8):1112-32. DOI:10.1177/0898264309348023
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