Implications of work and community demands and resources for work-to-family conflict and facilitation.

Raymond L. Fitz, S. M. Center for Leadership in Community, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469-1445, USA.
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.07). 11/2004; 9(4):275-85. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.9.4.275
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Based on a differential salience approach, this article examines the combined effects of work and community demands and resources on work-to-family conflict and facilitation. The study uses information from 2,507 employed respondents from the 1995 National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States. The findings indicate that work demands are relatively strongly related to work-to-family conflict, whereas work resources are relatively more important in relation to work-to-family facilitation. Social incoherence and friend demands are positively related to work-to-family conflict, whereas sense of community and support from friends have positive effects on facilitation. Community resources also show weak amplifying effects on some of the positive relationships between work resources and work-to-family facilitation. The findings provide modest support for the hypotheses.



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