Implications of Work and Community Demands and Resources for Work-to-Family Conflict and Facilitation.

Raymond L. Fitz, S. M. Center for Leadership in Community, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469-1445, USA.
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.07). 11/2004; 9(4):275-85. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.9.4.275
Source: PubMed


Based on a differential salience approach, this article examines the combined effects of work and community demands and resources on work-to-family conflict and facilitation. The study uses information from 2,507 employed respondents from the 1995 National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States. The findings indicate that work demands are relatively strongly related to work-to-family conflict, whereas work resources are relatively more important in relation to work-to-family facilitation. Social incoherence and friend demands are positively related to work-to-family conflict, whereas sense of community and support from friends have positive effects on facilitation. Community resources also show weak amplifying effects on some of the positive relationships between work resources and work-to-family facilitation. The findings provide modest support for the hypotheses.

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    • "Although links between training and paid WFF have not been tested directly, support is available from studies of related concepts (e.g. learning opportunities; Voydanoff, 2004b) and evidence that training contributes to workplace learning (Arthur, Bennett, Edens, & Bell, 2003). Volunteer emergency services agencies provide their volunteers with a range of such opportunities. "
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    ABSTRACT: Unpaid volunteers occupy many roles and provide crucial services in countries around the world. In Australia, for example, volunteers provide emergency response capabilities to most communities outside of major population centres. Despite the valuable function of this volunteer workforce, evidence indicates declining numbers of volunteer emergency service workers, and suggests that interactions between volunteering and family are implicated in falling numbers. The current study considered volunteering as one component of the community microsystem, and examined volunteering-related Work–Family Conflict (WFC) and Work–Family Facilitation (WFF) in N = 682 Australian volunteer firefighters. Structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis indicated that brigade operational demands had a negative indirect effect on intention to remain through volunteer WFC, as well as a concurrent positive effect on satisfaction. Two volunteering resources were considered (training opportunities and effective leadership), and had positive impacts on volunteer WFF through perceived developmental gain. Although developmental gain had a large positive impact on volunteer satisfaction, volunteer WFF did not. Results indicate that theoretical models of interactions between paid work and family can inform understanding of interactions between voluntary work and family, and thus links between community and family roles. Implications for volunteer emergency services organisations are discussed.
    Applied Psychology 01/2014; 63(1). DOI:10.1111/apps.12000 · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    • "For example, WFC of the type " time-based WIF conflict " treats the time as a scarce resource postulating that " more time devoted to work leaves less time for the family " . A lot of evidence is found in support of the statement that work overload is acting for the formation or escalation of WFC (Voydanoff, 2004, 2005; Spector et al., 2004). Generally, the sources and consequences of WFC are presented in fig.1. "
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    ABSTRACT: The suggested paper considers the gender differences and the role of social support in encouraging the female economic activity. The main interest here is focused on the question how social support could counteract the exclusion pressure and affects the achievement of a balance in a framework of work-family conflict /WFC/. The paper also argues that a low degree (or even a loss) of social support from the family – narrow or extended – may have a negative effect on female economic involvement, which strongly relates to the individualistic character of most Balkan societies. The paper suggests some empirical evidence for the main findings based on secondary analysis of data from a questionnaire survey conducted in Bulgaria among 286 individuals of which 99 women. Gender differences with respect to the relationship between social support, WFC and the risk of economic exclusion are examined as well.
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    • "The latter is a by-product of spending too much time working, perhaps as a result of trying to catch up on heavy workloads, thus leaving too little time remaining for family. Second, we included two measures of demands, working hours and a perceptual measure of workload, to adequately capture both time-based and strain-based work demands (Voydanoff, 2004, 2005). Working hours is a factual and relatively objective indicator of work demands. "
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    ABSTRACT: A study of work interference with family (WIF) among managers is described, contrasting four clusters of countries, one of which is individualistic (Anglo) and three of which are collectivistic (Asia, East Europe, and Latin America). Country cluster (Anglo vs. each of the others) moderated the relation of work demands with strain-based WIF, with the Anglo country cluster having the strongest relationships. Country cluster moderated some of the relationships of strain-based WIF with both job satisfaction and turnover intentions, with Anglos showing the strongest relationships. Cluster differences in domestic help were ruled out as the possible explanation for these moderator results.
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