c-Fos immunohistochemical mapping of the audiogenic seizure network and tonotopic neuronal hyperexcitability in the inferior colliculus of the Frings mouse.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 20 S 2030 E Rm 408, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.
Epilepsy Research (Impact Factor: 2.19). 12/2004; 62(1):13-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2004.06.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Frings mouse is a model of audiogenic seizure (AGS) susceptibility. The genetic locus responsible for the AGS phenotype in the Frings mouse has been named monogenic audiogenic seizure-susceptible (MASS1). MASS1 is unique in that it is one of only two identified seizure loci that are not associated with an ion channel mutation. Furthermore, Frings mice display a robust AGS phenotype demonstrating very high and prolonged susceptibility to sound-induced tonic extension seizures. The purpose of this investigation was to use c-Fos immunohistochemistry to map the brain structures involved in the Frings AGS and to examine neuronal hyperexcitability in the inferior colliculus, the brain structure that is recognized as the site of AGS initiation. AGS mapping revealed that intense seizure-induced neuronal activation was mostly limited to structures involved in a brainstem seizure network, including the external and dorsal nuclei of the inferior colliculus, as observed in other AGS rodents. Acoustically induced c-Fos expression in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus to sub-AGS threshold tone stimulations displayed a greater level of neuronal activation in AGS-susceptible Frings, DBA/2J and noise-primed C57BL/6J mice compared to AGS-resistant C57BL/6J and CF1 mice. The AGS-susceptible mice also displayed c-Fos immunoreactivity that was more focused within the tonotopic response domain of the inferior colliculus compared to AGS-resistant mice. Furthermore, Frings mice displayed significantly greater tonotopic hyper-responsiveness compared to other AGS-susceptible mice.

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