Pharmacological effects and lung-binding characteristics of a novel VIP analogue, [R15, 20, 21, L17]-VIP-GRR (IK312532).
ABSTRACT A novel VIP derivative, [R15, 20, 21, L17]-VIP-GRR (IK312532), relaxed potently the carbachol-induced contraction of guinea-pig isolated trachea with longer duration than that induced by VIP. IK312532 competed with [125I]VIP for the binding sites in the rat lung in a concentration-dependent manner. There was considerable decrease in specific [125I]VIP binding in each lobe of right and left lung 0.5 h after the intratracheal administration of IK312532 (50 microg/rat) as dry powder inhaler (DPI). Rosenthal analysis revealed that the administration of IK312532 (50 and 100 microg/rat)-DPI brought about a significant decrease of maximal number of binding sites (Bmax) for specific [125I]VIP binding in anterior and posterior lobes of rat right lung, suggesting a significant occupancy of lung VIP receptors. This effect by IK312532 in the posterior lobe of the right lung was dose-dependent and lasted until at least 2 h after the intratracheal administration. Furthermore, the antigen-evoked infiltration of granulocytes in the rat bronchiolar mucosa was markedly suppressed by the intratracheal administration of IK312532 (50 microg/rat)-DPI. In conclusion, the present study has shown that IK312532 exhibits long-lasting relaxation of tracheal smooth muscles and that the intratracheal administration of this peptide exerts a significant occupancy of lung VIP receptors as well as a suppression of the antigen-evoked infiltration of granulocytes in the bronchiolar mucosa. Thus, the formulation of IK312532 as DPI may be a pharmacologically useful drug delivery system for the therapy of pulmonary diseases such as asthma.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to develop a respirable sustained-release powder (RP) formulation of long-acting VIP derivative, [Arg(15, 20, 21), Leu(17)]-VIP-GRR (IK312532), using PLGA nanospheres (NS) with the aim of improving the duration of action. NS formulation of IK312532 (IK312532/NS) was prepared by an emulsion solvent diffusion method in oil, and a mixture of the IK312532/NS and erythritol was jet-milled and mixed with lactose carrier to obtain the IK312532/NS-RP. Physicochemical properties were characterized focusing on appearance, particle size, and drug release, and in vivo pharmacological effects were assessed in antigen-sensitized rats. The IK312532/NS with a diameter of 140 nm showed a biphasic release pattern in distilled water with ca. 20% initial burst for 30 min and a sustained slow release up to ca. 55% for 24h. Laser diffraction analysis demonstrated that IK312532/NS-RP had fine dispersibility and suitable particle size for inhalation. In antigen-sensitized rats, insufflated IK312532/NS-RP (10 μg of IK312532/rat) could suppress increases of granulocyte recruitment and myeloperoxidase in pulmonary tissue for up to 24h after antigen challenge, although IK312532-RP at the same dose was less effective with limited duration of action. From these findings, newly prepared IK312532/NS-RP might be of clinical importance in improving duration of action and medication compliance for treatment of airway inflammatory diseases.Peptides 03/2012; 35(2):182-9. · 2.52 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) exerts a relaxing action on tracheal smooth muscle which is mediated through interaction with VIP receptors. The deficiency of VIP in the airways has been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma. Thus, the administration of VIP may be useful for the therapy of pulmonary diseases. However, the therapeutic application of VIP is largely limited by its rapid degradation in addition to the systemic adverse effects due to the wide distribution of VIP receptors. To overcome these problems, we succeeded to synthesize a novel VIP derivative of VIP, [R15, 20, 21, L17]-VIP-GRR (IK312532), and to prepare its dry powder for the topical administration to the lung. The physicochemical properties of dry powder were evaluated by laser diffraction and cascade impactor. The laser diffraction analysis indicated that the carrier and fine particles had median diameter of 65.6 and 4.5 microm, respectively, and the air flow at the pressure of 0.15 MPa or higher resulted in the high dispersion and significant separation of fine particle containing peptide from the carrier molecule. The cascade impactor analysis clearly showed the high emission of dry powder from capsule and the deposition of peptide on stages 3 of the cascade impactor. The intratracheal administration of dry powder inhaler (DPI) of VIP or IK312532 brought about a significant decrease of maximal number of binding sites (Bmax) for [125I]VIP in anterior and posterior lobes of rat right lung, suggesting a significant occupancy of lung VIP receptors. This effect by IK312532-DPI compared with VIP-DPI lasted for a longer period. Thus, IK312532-DPI may be a pharmacologically useful drug delivery system for the VIP therapy of pulmonary diseases such as asthma.Life Sciences 07/2006; 79(2):138-43. · 2.56 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Previously, [R(15,20,21), L(17)]-VIP-GRR (IK312532), a long-acting VIP derivative, was proposed as potential drug candidate for the treatment of asthma/COPD. The present work is aimed to elucidate solution-state stability of IK312532 and to develop further stabilized derivative with equipotent or higher biological functions. A stability study on IK312532 was carried out in solution state, and degradation mechanism was deduced by UPLC-MS and amino acid analyses. Three novel VIP derivatives were designed and chemically synthesized on the basis of stability data, being subjected to physicochemical and pharmacological characterization. Solution-state stability studies revealed the gradual degradation of IK312532, following pseudo-first-order kinetics. Chemical modification of IK312532, mainly position at 24, resulted in marked improvement of stability, although the chemical modification had no influence on the secondary structure, receptor binding, and activation of adenylate cyclase in rat lung cells. Novel derivatives also exhibited more potent neurite outgrowth in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells when compared to VIP and IK312532, possibly due to improved stability. Deamination of Asn at position 24 might be responsible for degradation of VIP derivative, and stability and chemical modification studies led us to the successful development of novel VIP derivatives with higher stability and biological functions.European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics: official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V 06/2009; 73(1):95-101. · 3.15 Impact Factor