Article

# Four-unit-cell superstructure in the optimally doped YBa2Cu3O6.92 superconductor.

Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA.

Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 11/2004; 93(15):157008. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.157008 Source: PubMed

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**ABSTRACT:**We study a continuous quasi-two-dimensional order-disorder phase transition that occurs in a simple model of a material that is inhomogeneously strained due to the presence of dislocation lines. Performing Monte Carlo simulations of different system sizes and using finite size scaling, we measure critical exponents describing the transition of β=0.18±0.02, γ=1.0±0.1, and α=0.10±0.02. Comparable exponents have been reported in a variety of physical systems. These systems undergo a range of different types of phase transitions, including structural transitions, exciton percolation, and magnetic ordering. In particular, similar exponents have been found to describe the development of magnetic order at the onset of the pseudogap transition in high-temperature superconductors. Their common universal critical exponents suggest that the essential physics of the transition in all of these physical systems is the same as in our simple model. We argue that the nature of the transition in our model is related to surface transitions although our model has no free surface.Physical Review E 09/2010; 82(3 Pt 1):031115. · 2.31 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**A simple phenomenological model for the relationship between structure and composition of the high Tc cuprates is presented. The model is based on two simple crystal chemistry principles: unit cell doping and charge balance within unit cells. These principles are inspired by key experimental observations of how the materials accommodate large deviations from stoichiometry. Consistent explanations for significant HTSC properties can be explained without any additional assumptions while retaining valuable insight for geometric interpretation. Combining these two chemical principles with a review of Crystal Field Theory (CFT) or Ligand Field Theory (LFT), it becomes clear that the two oxidation states in the conduction planes (typically d8 and d9) belong to the most strongly divergent d-levels as a function of deformation from regular octahedral coordination. This observation offers a link to a range of coupling effects relating vibrations and spin waves through application of Hund’s rules. An indication of this model’s capacity to predict physical properties for HTSC is provided and will be elaborated in subsequent publications. Simple criteria for the relationship between structure and composition in HTSC systems may guide chemical syntheses within new material systems.Physica C Superconductivity 06/2012; 476:32–47. · 0.72 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We report x-ray diffuse scattering studies of the iron chalcogenide Fe1+xTe as a function of doping and temperature for x=0.03, 0.08, and 0.12. In all cases, remarkably strong, characteristic diffuse scattering is observed. This scattering extends throughout the Brillouin zone and exhibits a nonmonotonic decay away from the fundamental Bragg peaks, with a peaklike structure at a reduced q≈(0.3,0,0.6). We interpret this scattering as Huang diffuse scattering resulting from distortions induced by the interaction between the excess Fe and the FeTe layers. The form of the scattering indicates that this interaction is strong and extends a number of unit cells away from the interstitial Fe site. Further, the diffuse scattering shows a sudden decrease on cooling through the structural and magnetic phase transition, reflecting the first-order change of the electronic structure of FeTe.Physical Review B 05/2011; 83(18). · 3.66 Impact Factor

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