Lifestyle and mental health

Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA.
Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.09). 05/2005; 40(4):438-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.07.003
Source: PubMed


To examine the relationship between healthy lifestyles and self-rated mental health.
A cross-section telephone survey involving multiple callbacks. Using a Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, information about lifestyle, demographic characteristics, and self-rated mental health was collected.
Amarillo, Texas, a city of approximately 170,000 in the Panhandle of Texas.
Six hundred and twenty-one adults.
Good mental health was independently associated with physical activity, being male, and being married. Poor mental health was associated with obesity, daily smoking, being Hispanic, and being non-Hispanic White.
Programs targeting risk factors for poor physical health also may improve mental health in the community.

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    • "Short scales to measure physical and mental health of populations are increasingly used in epidemiologic surveys [1] to reduce respondent burden and simplify administration and translation while providing efficient global health indicators. The use of single-item measures is also on the rise. "
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    ABSTRACT: A single-item measure of self-rated mental health (SRMH) is being used increasingly in health research and population health surveys. The item asks respondents to rate their mental health on a five-point scale from excellent to poor. This scoping study presents the first known review of the SRMH literature. Electronic databases of Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE and Cochrane Reviews were searched using keywords. The databases were also searched using the titles of surveys known to include the SRMH single item. The search was supplemented by manually searching the bibliographic sections of the included studies. Two independent reviewers coded articles for inclusion or exclusion based on whether articles included SRMH. Each study was coded by theme and data were extracted about study design, sample, variables, and results. Fifty-seven studies included SRMH. SRMH correlated moderately with the following mental health scales: Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire, mental health subscales of the Short-Form Health Status Survey, Behaviour and Symptom Identification Scale, and World Mental Health Clinical Diagnostic Interview Schedule. However, responses to this item may differ across racial and ethnic groups. Poor SRMH was associated with poor self-rated health, physical health problems, increased health service utilization and less likelihood of being satisfied with mental health services. Poor or fair SRMH was also associated with social determinants of health, such as low socioeconomic position, weak social connections and neighbourhood stressors. Synthesis of this literature provides important information about the relationships SRMH has with other variables. SRMH is associated with multi-item measures of mental health, self-rated health, health problems, service utilization, and service satisfaction. Given these relationships and its use in epidemiologic surveys, SRMH should continue to be assessed as a population health measure. More studies need to examine relationships between SRMH and clinical mental illnesses. Longitudinal analyses should look at whether SRMH is predictive of future mental health problems.
    BMC Health Services Research 09/2014; 14(1):398. DOI:10.1186/1472-6963-14-398 · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    • "feelings of mastery and positive affect into an individual's life (Jacobson, Dobson, & Truax, 1996; Caldwell, et al., 2011). This is consistent with longstanding evidence that physical exercise promotes psychological health (see Walsh, 2011) and could account for early advantages associated with mindful yoga that might not persist in a longer intervention . Second, Sitting Mediation may be more effective than body scan at cultivating a nonjudgmental stance due to more explicit instructions against judging one's experiences. "
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether three different meditation practices that are commonly used in mindfulness-based interventions lead to differential changes in psychological health outcomes when presented separately. Participants included 141 undergraduates assigned to a sitting meditation, body scan, or mindful yoga condition. Participants in all conditions attended three weekly 1-h sessions (105 min of guided meditation and 75 min of discussion) in addition to pre- and post-intervention questionnaires collected in separate sessions. Participants reported significant improvements in the tendency to describe one’s experience, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological well-being regardless of condition. The following between-group differences in change over time emerged: (1) mindful yoga was associated with greater increases in psychological well-being than the other two practices, (2) sitting meditation and mindful yoga were both associated with greater decreases in difficulties with emotion regulation than the body scan, and (3) sitting meditation was associated with greater increases in the tendency to take a nonevaluative stance toward observed stimuli than the body scan.
    Mindfulness 12/2013; 4(4). DOI:10.1007/s12671-012-0139-9
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    • "The current findings, coupled with those from studies manipulating nature involvement, suggest that therapists should consider nature involvement and nature connectedness when assessing clients and planning therapy strategies. Indeed, involvement in nature was recently identified as one of a limited number of life style interventions (along with such interventions as exercise and volunteering) characterized as well-evidenced for improving mental well-being but perhaps under-utilized by practicing psychologists (Walsh, 2011). Similarly, therapists such as Berger and McLeod (2006) have suggested that the use of nature analogies and embedding clients' experiences " in a larger natural story of life " can help clients bestow and extract meaning (p. "
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    ABSTRACT: Research has established nature connectedness as a reliable correlate of well-being. In the current research, we examined whether meaning in life mediated the association between nature connectedness and well-being. In Study 1, 311 undergraduates completed multiple measures of nature connectedness, multiple measures of meaning in life, and multiple measures of well-being. Mediational analyses revealed that meaning in life fully mediated the association between nature connectedness and well-being. In Study 2, we examined whether mediation of the association between nature connectedness and well-being by meaning in life could be demonstrated alongside a previously documented mediation of the association between religiousness and well-being by meaning in life. Undergraduates (N = 227) completed measures of nature connectedness, religiousness, meaning in life, and well-being. Mediational analyses revealed that meaning in life fully mediated both the association between nature connectedness and well-being and the asso- ciation between religiousness and well-being.
    Journal of Happiness Studies 12/2013; 14:1681-1696. DOI:10.1007/s10902-012-9403-x · 1.88 Impact Factor
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