Higher frequency of p53 gene mutations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with MALT component.
ABSTRACT p53 gene mutation is not a frequent event in the tumorigenesis of lymphomas and the expression of p53 protein is independent of p53 gene mutations. The present study aimed to investigate mutations in the p53 gene in a series of extranodal B-cell lymphomas, and its association with p53 protein expression. A total of 52 cases were graded histologically into Grade 1, Grade 2 and Grade 3 tumors and p53 protein expression was detected using immunohistochemistry. Mutations in the p53 gene were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and mobility shifts were confirmed by direct sequencing. The tumors comprised 26 (50%) Grade 1, 9 (17%) Grade 2 and 15 (29%) Grade 3. A high proportion of Grade 2 (25%) tumors expressed p53 protein (P = 0.051) and carried p53 gene mutation (33%) (P = 0.218). However, p53 protein expression was not associated with p53 gene mutations (P = 0.057). Transversion mutations (88%) were more frequently detected than transition mutations (12%). The present study revealed that p53 gene mutations and p53 protein expression occurred in higher frequencies in Grade 2 tumors, which may be of pathogenetic importance. The high frequency of transversion mutations may reflect the influence of an etiological agent in the tumorigenesis of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma).
- SourceAvailable from: nih.gov[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mutation and abnormal expression of p53 was studied in 38 lymphomas [five Hodgkin's disease and 33 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)]. CM1 polyclonal antibody was used to detect overexpression of p53. Three missense mutations were characterised in three cases of NHL after screening exons 5-8 of p53 of all the tumours with single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. Only two out of three tumours with a missense mutation showed abnormal expression of p53 as measured by CM1. Conversely, seven out of nine tumours with positive CM1 staining had no point mutation demonstrated. Overexpression of p53 in the cases of NHL occurred in three out of twenty four low-grade tumours and five out of nine high-grade tumours (Kiel classification). The results suggest that abnormalities of p53 are commoner in high-grade than low-grade NHL, and that positive immunocytochemistry cannot be used to determine which tumours have mutations of p53.British Journal of Cancer 08/1995; 72(1):150-4. · 5.08 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: p53 overexpression has been found to be a fairly common feature in high grade lymphomas in the majority of tumoral cells. The results vary from series to series, from 25% to 33% of cases. To assess whether immunohistochemical positivity for p53 correlated with the presence of structural gene abnormalities, DNA from 16 non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with high and low p53 values was amplified and sequenced to determine the existence of point mutations in the highly conserved regions of the p53 gene. In the group of 8 cases containing high levels of protein, 3 cases showed missense point mutations at the codons mapping between exons 5 through 8. Of the 8 cases of tumors containing undetectable or low levels of p53 protein, 1 case presented a nonsense point mutation giving a stop codon. No missense mutations were detected in this group. The finding of p53 mutations in 4 of 16 cases confirms the presence of p53 gene mutations in high grade lymphomas distributed over different histologic groups. These include Burkitt's lymphoma, together with centroblastic, immunoblastic, and large cell lymphoma of mucosa origin. Nevertheless, the absence of mutations in 5 of the 8 cases that overexpressed p53 suggests that the nuclear or cytoplasmic stabilization of p53 protein could also depend on other factors. The absence of detectable levels of p53 protein cannot discount the existence of p53 mutations, as is shown by a case of Burkitt's lymphoma in which a nonsense mutation was detected. The impact of this range of p53 alterations on clinical course and treatment response of the patients deserves to be explored, in an attempt to differentiate the specific consequences of each one.Blood 12/1993; 82(10):3151-6. · 9.06 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The development of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is dependent on Helicobacter pylori infection. Bacterial colonisation of the gastric mucosa triggers lymphoid infiltration and the formation of acquired MALT. The bacterial infection induces and sustains an actively proliferating B-cell population through direct (autoantigen) and indirect (intratumoral T cells specific for H. pylori) immunological stimulation. Moreover, the bacterial infection provokes a neutrophilic response, which causes the release of oxygen free radicals. These reactive species may promote the acquisition of genetic abnormalities and malignant transformation of reactive B cells. A transformed clone carrying the translocation t(1;18)(q21;q21) forms a MALT lymphoma, the growth of which is independent of H. pylori and will not respond to bacterial eradication. Malignant clones without t(11;18)(q21;q21), but with other genetic abnormalities, such as trisomy 3 or microsatellite instability, depend critically on immune stimulation mediated by H. pylori for their clonal expansion. In the early stages, the tumour can be successfully treated by eradication of the bacterium, whereas at later stages the tumour may escape its growth dependency through acquisition of additional genetic abnormalities such as t(1;14)(p22;q32) and t(1;2)(p22,p12) involving the BCL-10 gene. Finally, further genetic abnormalities, such as inactivation of the tumour suppressor genes, p53 and p16, can lead to high-grade transformation. Detection of these abnormalities may help with the clinical management of patients with gastric MALT lymphoma.The Lancet Oncology 03/2002; 3(2):97-104. · 25.12 Impact Factor