Community level alcohol availability and enforcement of possession laws as predictors of youth drinking.

Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA.
Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.93). 04/2005; 40(3):355-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.06.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite a minimum legal drinking age, many young people use alcohol. Environmental strategies to control youth drinking focus on restricting access and the enforcement of possession laws. This study examines the relationship between use of these strategies and the frequency of youth alcohol use and related problems.
Participants were 16,694 students, ages 16-17 in 92 communities in Oregon. A multi-level analysis of a repeated cross-sectional statewide student survey was conducted. The outcome measures examined include 30-day frequency of alcohol use, binge drinking, use of alcohol at school, and drinking and driving.
The rate of illegal merchant sales in the communities directly related to all four alcohol-use outcomes. There was also evidence that communities with higher minor in possession law enforcement had lower rates of alcohol use and binge drinking. The use of various sources in a community expanded and contracted somewhat depending on levels of access and enforcement.
This evidence provides empirical support for the potential utility of local efforts to maintain or increase alcohol access control and possession enforcement.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Among high-risk youth, those who may be at increased risk for adverse alcohol and other drug (AOD) use outcomes may benefit from targeted prevention efforts; how youth acquire AOD may provide an objective means of identifying youth at elevated risk.
    Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy 09/2014; 9(1):38. · 1.16 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Cigarette and alcohol use are common among youth. We examined sources of cigarettes and alcohol among youth who were current cigarette and alcohol users.METHODS We analyzed nationally representative data from the 2009 and 2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys—biennial, school-based surveys of high school students in the United States. Students completed anonymous, self-administered questionnaires. Overall response rates were 71% for both years.RESULTSAmong the 17.3% of current cigarette users <18 years, 27.3% usually gave someone else money to buy their cigarettes and 27.7% usually borrowed (bummed) them. Fewer (14.1%) usually bought their own cigarettes in a store. Among the 40.3% of current alcohol users, 24.3% usually gave someone else money to buy it and 41.2% usually had someone give it to them. A few (4.5%) usually bought their own alcohol in a store. Age and intensity of use were positively associated with students buying their own cigarettes or alcohol, but negatively associated with students borrowing or having someone else give it to them.CONCLUSIONS Because social and commercial sources of cigarettes and alcohol are common, multiple strategies are needed to reduce the ability for youth to obtain them and reduce their desire for them.
    Journal of School Health 08/2014; 84(8). · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A youths' neighborhood can play an important role in their physical, health, and emotional development. The prevalence of health risk behavior (HRB) in Czech youth such as smoking, drug and alcohol use is the highest in Europe.Aim: To analyze differences in HRB in youth residents within different types of Prague's neighborhoods in relation to the perception of the built environment, quality of their school and home environments.Data and methods: The data is based on the on-line survey among elementary school students aged between 14-15 years, which was administered in19 selected schools in Prague, during the months of October 2013 to March 2014. Respondents were asked their opinions on various issues related to their HRB, about their indoor and outdoor housing and school environments. The questionnaire was completed by 407 students. Factor analysis with a principal components extraction was applied to determine the underlying structure in the variables. A consequent field research was conducted to map the opportunity hot spots and critical places around the elementary schools.
    International Journal of Health Geographics 10/2014; 13(1):41. · 2.62 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 2, 2014