Evaluation of Caenorhabditis elegans glycoproteins as protective immunogens against Haemonchus contortus challenge in sheep.
ABSTRACT High levels of protection can be attained against Haemonchus contortus challenge infection in sheep using native antigens isolated from the gut of the adult parasite. However, vaccination with recombinant forms of these antigens, or components thereof, has disappointingly failed to generate similar levels of protection, suggesting that appropriate nematode glycosylation may be a prerequisite for protection. The free-living nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans is closely related to H. contortus and has been shown to share similar glycan moieties. In order to investigate the potentially protective role of these glycan moieties, a complex set of glycoproteins was isolated from C. elegans using ConA-lectin chromatography and their efficacy as immunogens against H. contortus challenge infection evaluated in sheep. Despite the generation of a high titre systemic IgG antibody response to the C. elegans glycoproteins and the ability of these antibodies to bind to the microvillar surface of the gut of H. contortus, no protection against challenge infection was observed. Serum antibodies to the C. elegans glycoproteins cross-reacted with the H. contortus host-protective antigen, H-gal-GP, by ELISA, although the level of cross-reactivity was not of a magnitude considered protective. Qualitative differences were also determined between the glycan epitopes of the C. elegans ConA-binding proteins and those of H-gal-GP, suggesting the presence of H. contortus-specific patterns of glycosylation.
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ABSTRACT: Aminopeptidase H11 present in the surface of intestine microvilli in Haemonchus contortus was identified as the most effective antigen candidate. However, its recombinant forms produced in E. coli, insect cells and yeast could not provide promising protection against H. contortus challenge, probably due to the inappropriate glycosylation and/or conformational folding. Herein, partial H11 containing the potential zinc-binding domain and two predicted glycosylation sites (nt 1 bp-1710 bp, Trans-HPS) was subcloned downstream of 5' flanking region of Caenorhabditis elegans cpr-1 gene in pPD95.77 vector, with the deletion of GFP gene. The recombinant was expressed in C. elegans and verified by blotting with anti-H11 and anti-Trans-HPS rabbit polyclonal antibodies and anti-His monoclonal antibody. Stably inherited Trans-HPS in worm descendants was achieved by integration using UV irradiation. Immunization with the crude Trans-HPS extracted from transgenic worms resulted in 37.71% reduction in faecal egg counts (FEC) (P<0.05) and 24.91% reduction in worm burden, but an upward curve with moderate rate of daily FEC in goats. These results suggested an apparent delay against H. contortus egg-laying in goats, which differed from that with bacteria-origin form of partial H11 (nt 670 bp-1710 bp, HPS) (26.04% reduction in FEC and 18.46% reduction in worm burden). These findings indicate the feasibility of sufficient C. elegans-expressed H11 for the immunological research and vaccine development.Experimental Parasitology 08/2014; · 2.15 Impact Factor
- Affinity Chromatography, 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0325-7
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ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal nematode infections, such as Haemonchus contortus and Mecistocirrus digitatus, are ranked in the top twenty diseases affecting small-holder farmers' livestock, yet research into M. digitatus, which infects cattle and buffalo in Asia is limited. Intestine-derived native protein vaccines are effective against Haemonchus, yet the protective efficacy of intestine-derived M. digitatus proteins has yet to be determined.PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 06/2014; 8(6):e2909.