Article

Circadian regulation of cell cycle and apoptosis proteins in mouse bone marrow and tumor.

Cancer Chronotherapeutics, INSERM E 0354 and Université Paris XI, Hôpital Paul Brousse, Villejuif, France.
The FASEB Journal (Impact Factor: 5.7). 02/2005; 19(2):304-6. DOI: 10.1096/fj.04-2665fje
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Proapoptotic drugs such as docetaxel displayed least toxicity and highest antitumor efficacy following dosing during the circadian rest phase in mice, suggesting that cell cycle and apoptotic processes could be regulated by the circadian clock. In study 1, mouse bone marrow and/or tumor were obtained every 4 h for 24 h in C3H/HeN mice with or without MA13/C mammary adenocarcinoma in order to determine the circadian patterns in cell-cycle phase distribution and BCL-2 anti-apoptotic protein expression. In study 2, mouse bone marrow from B6D2F1 mice was sampled every 3 h for 24 h in order to confirm the BCL-2 rhythm and to study its relation with 24 h changes in the expression of proapoptotic BCL-2-associated X protein (BAX) protein and clock genes mPer2, mBmal1, mClock, and mTim mRNAs. The rhythms in G1-, S- or G2/M-phase cells were shifted in tumor compared with bone marrow. In the tumor, the mean proportion of G2/M-phase cells increased by 75% from late rest to late activity span (P from cosinor = 0.001). No 24 h rhythm was found for BCL-2 in tumors. In contrast to this, in the bone marrow, mean BCL-2 expression varied 2.8-fold in B6D2F1 mice (P=0.025) and 3- or 4.5-fold in tumor-bearing and nontumor-bearing C3H/HeN mice, with a peak during the early rest span (P=0.024 and P<0.001, respectively). BAX varied fivefold during the 24 h span with a major peak occurring near mid-activity (P=0.007). The mean mRNAs of mPer2, mClock, and mBmal1 varied twofold to threefold over the 24 h, with high values during the activity span (P<0.05). In the tumor, the circadian organization in cell-cycle phase distribution was shifted and BCL2 rhythm was ablated. Conversely, a molecular circadian clock likely regulated BCL-2 and BAX expression in the bone marrow, increasing cellular protection against apoptosis during the rest span.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
88 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One of the most important goals of the postgenomic era is understanding the metabolic dynamic processes and the functional structures generated by them. Extensive studies during the last three decades have shown that the dissipative self-organization of the functional enzymatic associations, the catalytic reactions produced during the metabolite channeling, the microcompartmentalization of these metabolic processes and the emergence of dissipative networks are the fundamental elements of the dynamical organization of cell metabolism. Here we present an overview of how mathematical models can be used to address the properties of dissipative metabolic structures at different organizational levels, both for individual enzymatic associations and for enzymatic networks. Recent analyses performed with dissipative metabolic networks have shown that unicellular organisms display a singular global enzymatic structure common to all living cellular organisms, which seems to be an intrinsic property of the functional metabolism as a whole. Mathematical models firmly based on experiments and their corresponding computational approaches are needed to fully grasp the molecular mechanisms of metabolic dynamical processes. They are necessary to enable the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the cellular catalytic reactions and also to help comprehend the conditions under which the structural dynamical phenomena and biological rhythms arise. Understanding the molecular mechanisms responsible for the metabolic dissipative structures is crucial for unraveling the dynamics of cellular life.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2010; 11(9):3540-99. · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The circadian system is involved in the control of cell proliferation and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to analyze expression of the human per2 gene in patients who underwent surgery for colorectal carcinoma. The study included 25 patients of both genders. Patients were exposed to light from 6:00 a.m. until 9:00 p.m. according to standard hospital practice. Tissue samples were taken from the tumor as well as from the proximal and distal areas of the resected colon at the time of surgery. Surgery was performed during the morning hours. Expression of per2 mRNA was measured by real-time PCR. There was a significant negative correlation between per2 gene expression and tumor staging. Expression of per2 mRNA did not correlate with whether the tumor was localized in the colon or rectum. In comparison with ectomized tissue without malignancy from patients with colorectal carcinoma, our data demonstrate per2 mRNA deregulation in tumor tissue, and suggest a way in which the circadian system can influence tumorigenesis.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 07/2008; 1(4):599-603. · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Circadian rhythms are central to vision and retinal physiology. A circadian clock located within the retina controls various rhythmic processes including melatonin synthesis in photoreceptors. In the present study, we evaluated the rhythmic expression of clock genes and clock output genes in retinal explants maintained for several days in darkness.
    Molecular vision 01/2014; 20:742-52. · 1.99 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
5 Downloads
Available from
Jul 4, 2014