Article

Human CYP4F12 genetic polymorphism: identification and functional characterization of seven variant allozymes.

Equipe d'accueil 2679, Faculté de Médecine de Lille, Pôle Recherche, Lille, France.
Biochemical Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 4.58). 12/2004; 68(12):2417-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.bcp.2004.08.025
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The human cytochrome CYP4F12 has been shown to be metabolically active toward inflammatory mediators and exogenous compounds such as antihistaminic drugs. We recently identified a genetic polymorphism within the promoter region, associated with a decreased level of enzyme expression. In the present study, we report the further identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the coding sequence of the CYP4F12 gene. A polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis of DNA samples from 53 unrelated French Caucasians, allowed the identification of ten mutations, comprising seven missense mutations, 31C>T (Leu11Phe), 38C>T (Pro13Leu), 47C>T (Met16Thr), 4759G>A (Asp76Asn), 4801G>A (Val90Leu), 8896C>T (Arg188Cys) and 23545G>A (Gly522Ser). Their functional impact toward ebastine hydroxylation was evaluated using heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells of site-directed mutated cDNA variants. Five out seven variants did not exhibit any significant difference in CYP4F12 catalytic activity, whereas two variants, Val90Ile and Arg188Cys, displayed significant changes in their Michaelis-Menten (Km, Vm) parameters. These data on CYP4F12 genetic polymorphism provide tools for further studies of association with pathological processes involving an inflammatory component and with variations in anti-histaminic drug response.

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