Human CYP4F12 genetic polymorphism: identification and functional characterization of seven variant allozymes.
ABSTRACT The human cytochrome CYP4F12 has been shown to be metabolically active toward inflammatory mediators and exogenous compounds such as antihistaminic drugs. We recently identified a genetic polymorphism within the promoter region, associated with a decreased level of enzyme expression. In the present study, we report the further identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the coding sequence of the CYP4F12 gene. A polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis of DNA samples from 53 unrelated French Caucasians, allowed the identification of ten mutations, comprising seven missense mutations, 31C>T (Leu11Phe), 38C>T (Pro13Leu), 47C>T (Met16Thr), 4759G>A (Asp76Asn), 4801G>A (Val90Leu), 8896C>T (Arg188Cys) and 23545G>A (Gly522Ser). Their functional impact toward ebastine hydroxylation was evaluated using heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells of site-directed mutated cDNA variants. Five out seven variants did not exhibit any significant difference in CYP4F12 catalytic activity, whereas two variants, Val90Ile and Arg188Cys, displayed significant changes in their Michaelis-Menten (Km, Vm) parameters. These data on CYP4F12 genetic polymorphism provide tools for further studies of association with pathological processes involving an inflammatory component and with variations in anti-histaminic drug response.
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ABSTRACT: Expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis is a powerful approach toward identifying genetic loci associated with quantitative changes in gene expression. We applied genome-wide association analysis to a data set of >300 000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and >48 000 mRNA expression phenotypes obtained by Illumina microarray profiling of 149 human surgical liver samples obtained from Caucasian donors with detailed medical documentation. Of 1226 significant associations, only 200 were validated when comparing with a previously published similar study. Potential explanations for low replication rate include differences in microarray platforms, statistical modeling, covariates considered and origin and collection procedures of tissues. Focused analysis revealed a subset of 95 associations related to absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of drugs. Of these, 21 were true replications and 74 were newly discovered associations in enzymes, transporters, transcriptional regulators and other genes. This study extends our knowledge about the genetics of inter-individual variability of gene expression with particular emphasis on pharmacogenomics.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 18 October 2011; doi:10.1038/tpj.2011.44.The Pharmacogenomics Journal 10/2011; · 5.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The cytochrome P450 4F (CYP4F) subfamily has over the last few years come to be recognized for its dual role in modulating the concentrations of eicosanoids during inflammation as well as in the metabolism of clinically significant drugs. The first CYP4F was identified because it catalyzed the hydroxylation of leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) and since then many additional members of this subfamily have been documented for their distinct catalytic roles and functional significance. Recent evidence emerging in relation to the temporal change of CYP4F expression in response to injury and infection supports an important function for these isozymes in curtailing inflammation. Their tissue-dependent expression, isoform-based catalytic competence and unique response to the external stimuli imply a critical role for them to regulate organ-specific functions. From this standpoint variations in relative CYP4F levels in humans may have direct influence on the metabolic outcome through their ability to generate and/or degrade bioactive eicosanoids or therapeutic agents. This review covers the enzymatic characteristics and regulatory properties of human and rodent CYP4F isoforms and their physiological relevance to major pathways in eicosanoid and drug metabolism.Pharmacology [?] Therapeutics 01/2007; 112(3):589-611. · 7.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), which catalyzes a key step in the de novo biosynthesis of guanine nucleotide, is mediated by two highly conserved isoforms, IMPDH1 and IMPDH2. In this study, IMPDH2 genetic polymorphism was investigated in 96 individuals of Caucasian origin. Four single-nucleotide polymorphisms were identified, comprising one previously described single base-pair substitution in the close vicinity of the consensus donor splice site of intron 7 (IVS7+10T>C), and three novel polymorphisms, one silent substitution in exon 9 (c.915C>G), one single base-pair insertion (g.6971_6972insT) within the 3'-untranslated region of the gene, and one substitution located in the promoter region (c.-95T>G) in a transcription factor binding site CRE(A) (cyclic adenosine monophosphate [cAMP] response element). Considering the nature and location of this latter polymorphism, its functional relevance was examined by transfecting HEK293 and Jurkat cell lines with constructs of the related region of IMPDH2/luciferase reporter gene. The c.-95T>G mutation leads to a significant decrease of luciferase activity (HEK293: 55% decrease, p < 0.05; Jurkat: 65% decrease, p < 0.05) compared with the wild-type promoter sequence and, therefore, is likely to determine interindividual differences in IMPDH2 transcriptional regulation. These results might contribute to a better understanding of the variability in clinical outcome and dose adjustments of certain immunosuppressors that are metabolized through the IMPDH pathway or that are IMPDH inhibitors.Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers 10/2009; 13(6):841-7. · 1.44 Impact Factor