[Reduction of lipid peroxidation and apoptosis in corneal endothelial cells by vitamin A].
ABSTRACT The goal of this study was to determine the effects of lipid peroxidation-mediated toxicity of iron ions on corneal endothelial cells leading to apoptosis.
Murine corneal endothelial cells were maintained in tissue culture medium supplemented with free iron ions, known to lead to increased lipid peroxidation. Retinoic acid in the cell supernatant and cytoplasm of these cells was determined using HPLC. The rate of apoptosis was assessed by quantification of caspase-3-like activity. The lipid peroxidation was measured using the malondialdehyde method. Supplementation of retinoic acid was tested in the setting of apoptosis.
Free iron ions led to a rapid loss of retinoic acid in the supernatant and the corneal endothelial cells. This was correlated with rising levels of malondialdehyde following oxidative stress and increased apoptosis. Supplementation of retinoic acid alone significantly reduced oxidative stress and apoptosis in the respective cells.
In this study the authors present a novel in vitro model to test the direct influence of pro-oxidative species on corneal endothelial cells. The authors also prove that supplementing corneal endothelial cells with retinoic acid sufficiently prevents free radical injury and apoptosis.
- SourceAvailable from: Ramakrishnan Gopalakrishnan[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The modulatory efficacy of capsaicin on lung mitochondrial enzyme system with reference to mitochondrial lipid peroxidation (LPO), antioxidants, key citric acid cycle enzymes and respiratory chain enzymes during benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) induced lung cancer in Swiss albino mice was studied. Elevations in mitochondrial LPO along with decrements in enzymic antioxidants (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST)), non-enzymic antioxidants (reduced glutathione (GSH), vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin A), citric acid cycle enzymes (isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH), alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (alpha-KDH), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH)), and respiratory chain enzymes (NADH dehydrogenase and Cytochrome c oxidase) were observed in B(a)P (50mg/kg body weight) administered animals. CAP (10mg/kg body weight) pretreatment decreased lung mitochondrial LPO and augmented the activities of enzymic, non-enzymic antioxidants, citric acid cycle enzymes and respiratory chain enzymes to near normalcy revealing its chemoprotective function during B(a)P induced lung cancer.Biomedecine [?] Pharmacotherapy 07/2008; 62(6):390-4. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effect of a pungent ingredient of red pepper, capsaicin, on oxidative stress induced changes in the antioxidant defense system by benzo(a)pyrene in the lungs of mice was studied. Oral gavage administration of benzo(a)pyrene (50 mg/kg body weight) to mice led to a marked increase in oxidative stress indicated by alterations in pulmonary lipid peroxidation, enzymic antioxidants (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione-S-transferase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase) and non-enzymic antioxidants (reduced glutathione, vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin A). Pre-co-treatment with capsaicin (10 mg/kg body weight i.p.) restored cellular normalcy, highlighting the antioxidant potential of capsaicin in mitigating the oxidative stress mediated damage produced during benzo(a)pyrene-induced lung cancer.Phytotherapy Research 05/2008; 22(4):529-33. · 2.40 Impact Factor