Human skin cell cultures onto PLA50 (PDLLA) bioresorbable polymers: influence of chemical and morphological surface modifications.

CRBA, UMR CNRS 5473, University Montpellier 1, Faculty of Pharmacy, 15 Avenue Charles Flahault, 34093 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A (Impact Factor: 2.83). 03/2005; 72(2):180-9. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.30216
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Poly(alpha-hydroxy acid)s derived from lactic and glycolic acid are bioresorbable polymers which can cover a large range of thermal, physical, mechanical, and biological properties. Human keratinocytes have been shown as able to grow on a poly(DL-lactic acid) film. However the keratinocyte growth was delayed with respect to culture on standard tissue culture polystyrene, even though the same plateau level was observed after 2 weeks. In order to improve the performance of poly(DL-lactic acid) films as skin culture support, their surface was modified by creating tiny cavities using a method based on the leaching out of poly(ethylene oxide) from poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene oxide) heterogeneous blends. The surface of the films was also chemically modified by alkaline attack with sodium hydroxide and by type-I collagen coating. Murine fibroblast cell line and primary cultures of human fibroblasts and of two types of keratinocytes were allowed to adhere and to grow comparatively on the different films. The presence of cavities affected neither the adhesion of dermal fibroblasts nor that of keratinocytes. Only keratinocyte proliferation was significantly reduced by the presence of cavities. Collagen coating improved skin cell adhesion and proliferation as well, except in the case of murine fibroblasts. In the case of the NaOH treatments, similar trends were observed but their extent depended on the treatment time. In the case of chemical modifications, fluorescence microscopy bore out adhesion and proliferation tendencies deduced from MTT tests.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In poly(DL-lactic acid)-cholesterol oligomers (LC), a novel cholesterol modified poly(DL-lactic acid) (PLA), was synthesized via bulk polymerization of DL-lactide using cholesterol initiator. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR) results indicated a narrow molecular weight distribution of poly (DL-lactic acid)-cholesterol oligomers (LC). Mouse MC3T3 osteoblast-like cells were selected as a model system to test the cell behavior of cholesterol modified PLA substrates. The osteoblast attachment, proliferation, and viability revealed that the cholesterol modified PLA was significantly osteoblast compatible and may have potential as a bone tissue engineering material.
    Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers - J BIOACT COMPAT POLYM. 01/2005; 20(6):527-540.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) films were modified with poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) either by adsorption or covalent binding to prepare the material for immobilization of polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEM). Two different PEI, low- and high-molecular-weight (LMW or HMW, respectively) PEI, were used. The PEI modification efficiency was monitored via surface amino group density, water contact angle and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. Covalent binding of HMW PEI by a two-step-activation method produced the highest amino group density and the lowest water contact angle. On the other hand, the adsorption method resulted in moderate amounts of immobilized PEI on the surface. Subsequently sulphated hyaluronan and chitosan were used to form PEM on PLLA that was covalently modified with HMW PEI. Regular formation of PEM was achieved, which was demonstrated by change of water contact angles and mass increase measured with quartz crystal microbalance. An osteoblast-like cell line, MG 63, was used to test the effects of modifications on biocompatibility. Contrarily to earlier reports showing that particularly HMW PEI had certain cytotoxicity, it was found that all modifications including PEM resulted in a better biocompatibility than plain PLLA indicated by a more spread phenotype of cells, their increased growth and metabolic activity.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 01/2010; 21(6):893-912. · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over the last years, increasing attention has been paid to skin engineering due to its predominant function in body integrity. Thus, many laboratories are attempting to develop a dermal–epidermal complex. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of poly(α-hydroxyacid)s in the development of biocompatible and bioresorbable dermal scaffold combining human fibroblasts and keratinocytes, in order to obviate the drawbacks of using natural polymers such as collagen, hyaluronic acid and fibrin. We first confirmed the interest of poly(d,l-lactic acid) (PLA50) during the reconstitution of epidermis and next, we investigated the potential of poly(d,l-lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(d,l-lactic acid) (PLA50-PEG-PLA50) for either skin cytocompatibility or scaffold processing. Data showed that PLA50-PEG-PLA50 is compatible with the culture of human skin cells (fibroblasts and keratinocytes) and the development of a porous scaffold; two requirements compulsory for being considered as an adequate skin substitute. In fine, this material could represent the first generation of new skin dressings, i.e. a new concept taking advantage of both implantable devices and current dressings.
    Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises. 01/2008; 66(s 5–6).