Spontaneous rupture of spinal dermoid cyst with disseminated lipid droplets in central canal and ventricles

Department of Neurosurgery, G. B. Pant Hospital, Delhi University, Delhi, India.
Journal of neurosurgical sciences (Impact Factor: 1.16). 07/2004; 48(2):63-5.
Source: PubMed


Free fat in the ventricular space is a rare but well recognized complication of ruptured tumour of dermal origin. However, only 1 patient of spontaneous rupture of spinal dermoid tumour with disseminated fat in the central canal and ventricles has been described in the literature. The authors report an extremely rare case of ruptured intraspinal dermoid and passage of free fatty droplets via the patent central canal to the intracranial CSF space. The detailed clinical presentation, radiological findings, and review of the literature are presented. Despite being rarely reported, spinal dermoid cyst can rupture spontaneously, and free fat disseminate into the ventricles, and in extremely rare cases, fat can enter into the central canal. It is underlinerd that a prompt detection, with the help of MRI is essential in cases of spinal dermoid tumour cyst, with sudden deterioration in neurological condition, keeping in mind, the possibility of free fat in the central canal.

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    • "The discal cyst is one of the intraspinal cyst28,29,33) and intraspinal cyst can be differentiated into discal cyst as well as synovial cyst4,5,35), ganglion cyst6,25,41), Tarlov perineural cyst36,42), extradural arachnoid cyst14), dermoid cyst7,13) and cystic schwannoma2). "
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    ABSTRACT: Discal cyst is rare and causes indistinguishable symptoms from lumbar disc herniation. The clinical manifestations and pathological features of discal cyst have not yet been completely known. Discal cyst has been treated with surgery or with direct intervention such as computed tomography (CT) guided aspiration and steroid injection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the percutaneous endoscopic surgery for lumbar discal cyst over at least 6 months follow-up. All 8 cases of discal cyst with radiculopathy were treated by percutaneous endoscopic surgery by transforaminal approach. The involved levels include L5-S1 in 1 patient, L3-4 in 2, and L4-5 in 5. The preoperative magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional CT with discogram images in all cases showed a connection between the cyst and the involved intervertebral disc. Over a 6-months period, self-reported measures were assessed using an outcome questionaire that incorporated total back-related medical resource utilization and improvement of leg pain [visual analogue scale (VAS) and Macnab's criteria]. All 8 patients underwent endoscopic excision of the cyst with additional partial discectomy. Seven patients obtained immediate relief of symptoms after removal of the cyst by endoscopic approach. There were no recurrent lesions during follow-up period. The mean preoperative VAS for leg pain was 8.25±0.5. At the last examination followed longer than 6 month, the mean VAS for leg pain was 2.25±2.21. According to MacNab' criteria, 4 patients (50%) had excellent results, 3 patients (37.5%) had good results; thus, satisfactory results were achieved in 7 patients (87.5%). However, one case had unsatisfactory result with persistent leg pain and another paresthesia. The radicular symptoms were remarkably improved in most patients immediately after percutaneous endoscopic cystectomy by transforaminal approach.
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    ABSTRACT: Fat droplets in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a well-known complication of ruptured intracranial dermoid tumours. We report an unusual case of a ruptured spinal dermoid tumour. MR images showed a tethered spinal cord and an intramedullary fat-containing mass. Fat droplets were revealed in the ventricles and the cisternal spaces on brain CT and brain MR. In the English literature, a ruptured spinal dermoid tumour accompanying a tethered spinal cord is extremely rare.
    British Journal of Radiology 03/2006; 79(938):167-9. DOI:10.1259/bjr/17232685 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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