The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness and tolerability of quetiapine for aggression, hyperactivity, and self-injury in pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs).
The medical records of all patients with PDDs diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria and treated with quetiapine were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who received quetiapine for at least 4 weeks and who were not concurrently treated with another antipsychotic or mood stabilizer were included. Improvement was measured with the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement scale (CGI-I), with response determined by ratings of "much improved" or "very much improved." Data were collected from May 15, 2003 through November 30, 2003.
Of 857 records reviewed, 20 patients (16 male, 4 female) (mean +/- SD age = 12.1 +/- 6.7 years; range, 5-28 years) received a quetiapine trial (mean +/- SD dosage = 248.7 +/- 198.4 mg/day; range, 25-600 mg/day) over a mean duration of 59.8 +/- 55.1 weeks (range, 4-180 weeks). Eight (40%) of 20 patients were judged "responders" to quetiapine; the mean CGI-I score for the entire group was 3.0 +/- 1.1 (minimally improved). A statistically significant improvement (p = .002) was found between a mean pretrial CGI-Severity of Illness scale (CGI-S) score of 5.1 +/- 0.6 (markedly ill) and a posttrial CGI-S score of 4.2 +/- 1.1 (moderately ill). Adverse effects occurred in 50% (N = 10) of patients and led to drug discontinuation in 15% (N = 3) of patients.
Quetiapine was modestly effective for maladaptive behavior in patients with a PDD. Controlled studies are needed to further assess these preliminary findings.
"Among atypical antipsychotics, olanzapine58,85–87 and quetiapine99–101 are limited in their use for ASDs among children because of the drugs’ high incidences of weight gain and sedation. In comparison, aripiprazole79,102,103 and ziprasidone104,105 cause less weight gain and sedation, although there was no obvious trend in favor of aripiprazole regarding weight gain in a long-term observation study,52 and no RCTs have been conducted regarding the use of ziprasidone among autistic children. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Children with autism have a high rate of irritability and aggressive symptoms. Irritability or self-injurious behavior can result in significant harm to those affected, as well as to marked distress for their families. This paper provides a literature review regarding the efficacy and tolerability of pharmacotherapy for the treatment of irritability in autistic children. Although antipsychotics have not yet been approved for the treatment of autistic children by many countries, they are often used to reduce symptoms of behavioral problems, including irritability, aggression, hyperactivity, and panic. However, among antipsychotics, the Food and Drug Administration has approved only risperidone and aripiprazole to treat irritability in autism. Among atypical antipsychotics, olanzapine and quetiapine are limited in their use for autism spectrum disorders in children because of high incidences of weight gain and sedation. In comparison, aripiprazole and ziprasidone cause less weight gain and sedation. However, potential QTc interval prolongation with ziprasidone has been reported. Contrary to ziprasidone, no changes were evident in the QT interval in any of the trials for aripiprazole. However, head-to-head comparison studies are needed to support that aripiprazole may be a promising drug that can be used to treat irritability in autistic children. On the other hand, risperidone has the greatest amount of evidence supporting it, including randomized controlled trials; thus, its efficacy and tolerability has been established in comparison with other agents. Further studies with risperidone as a control drug are needed.
"JOURNAL OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY Volume 19, Number 3, 2009 ª Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Pp. 265–274 DOI: 10.1089=cap.2008.093 1999; Potenza et al. 1999; Malone et al. 2001; Masi et al. 2001; McDougle et al. 2002; Corson et al. 2004; Findling et al. 2004; Hardan et al. 2005; Malone et al. 2007 "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and tolerability of aripiprazole for irritability in pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger's disorder.
This is a 14-week, prospective, open-label investigation of aripiprazole in 25 children and adolescents diagnosed with PDD-NOS or Asperger's disorder. Primary outcome measures included the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) scale and the Irritability subscale of the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC-I).
Twenty-five subjects, ages 5-17 years (mean 8.6 years) received a mean final aripiprazole dosage of 7.8 mg/day (range 2.5-15 mg/day). Full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ) scores ranged from 48 to 122 (mean 84). Twenty-two (88%) of 25 subjects were responders in regard to interfering symptoms of irritability, including aggression, self-injury, and tantrums, with a final CGI-I of 1 or 2 (very much or much improved) and a 25% or greater improvement on the ABC-I. The final mean CGI-I was 1.6 (p <or= 0.0001). ABC-I scores ranged from 18 to 43 (mean 29) at baseline, whereas scores at week 14 ranged from 0 to 27 (mean 8.1) (p <or= 0.001). Aripiprazole was well tolerated. Mild extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) were reported in 9 subjects. Age- and sex-normed body mass index (BMI) increased from a mean value of 20.3 at baseline to 21.1 at end point (p <or= 0.04). Prolactin significantly decreased from a mean value of 9.3 at baseline to 2.9 at end point (p <or= 0.0001). No subject exited the study due to a drug-related adverse event.
These preliminary data suggest that aripiprazole may be effective and well tolerated for severe irritability in pediatric patients with PDD-NOS or Asperger's disorder. Larger-scale placebo-controlled studies are needed to elucidate the efficacy and tolerability of aripiprazole in this understudied population.
Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology 06/2009; 19(3):265-74. DOI:10.1089/cap.2008.093 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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