A Novel HLA-A*3303-Restricted Minor Histocompatibility Antigen Encoded by an Unconventional Open Reading Frame of Human TMSB4Y Gene

Division of Immunology, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 4.92). 01/2005; 173(11):7046-54. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.173.11.7046
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Female-to-male hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) elicits T cell responses against male-specific minor histocompatibility (H-Y) Ags encoded by the Y chromosome. All previously identified H-Y Ags are encoded by conventional open reading frames, but we report in this study the identification of a novel H-Y Ag encoded in the 5'-untranslated region of the TMSB4Y gene. An HLA-A*3303-restricted CD8(+) CTL clone was isolated from a male patient after an HSCT from his HLA-identical sister. Using a panel of cell lines carrying Y chromosome terminal deletions, a narrow region controlling the susceptibility of these target cells to CTL recognition was localized. Minigene transfection and epitope reconstitution assays identified an 11-mer peptide, EVLLRPGLHFR, designated TMSB4Y/A33, whose first amino acid was located 405 bp upstream of the TMSB4Y initiation codon. Analysis of the precursor frequency of CTL specific for recipient minor histocompatibility Ags in post-HSCT peripheral blood T cells revealed that a significant fraction of the total donor CTL response in this patient was directed against the TMSB4Y epitope. Tetramer analysis continued to detect TMSB4Y/A33-specific CD8(+) T cells at least up to 700 days post-HSCT. This finding underscores the in vivo immunological relevance of minor histocompatibility Ags derived from unconventional open reading frame products.

Download full-text


Available from: Kunio Tsujimura, Sep 28, 2015
14 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Minor Histocompatibility (H) antigen mismatches significantly influence the outcome of HLA-matched allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The molecular identification of human H antigens is increasing rapidly. In parallel, clinical application of minor H antigen typing has gained interest. So far, relevant and simple tools to analyze the minor H antigens in a quick and reliable way are lacking. We developed a uniform PCR with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) for 10 different autosomal minor H antigens and H-Y. This genomic minor H antigen typing methodology allows easy incorporation in the routine HLA typing procedures. DNA from previously typed EBV-LCL was used to validate the methodology. To facilitate easy interpretation for clinical purposes, a minor H database named dbMinor ( was developed. Input of the minor H antigen typing results subsequently provides all relevant information for a given patient/donor pair and additional information on the putative graft-versus-host, graft-versus-tumor and host-versus-graft reactivities. A simple, uniform and rapid methodology was developed enabling determination of minor H antigen genotypes of all currently identified minor H antigens. A dbMinor database was developed to interpret the genomic typing for its potential clinical relevance. The combination of the minor H antigen genomic typing methodology with the online dbMinor database and applications facilitates the clinical application of minor H antigens anti-tumor targets after stem cell transplantation.
    PLoS ONE 02/2006; 1(1):e42. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0000042 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) induces complete remissions in 70% of patients with relapsed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT), some patients are refractory to DLI by showing disease persistence. In a patient who received DLI for relapsed CML, we observed persisting molecular disease despite a hematological and cytogenetic remission in the absence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). To determine the nature of this immune response, we isolated leukemia-reactive donor T-cell clones from the bone marrow (BM) of the patient at the time of clinical response. Four different types of CD8+ HLA class I restricted T-cell clones were obtained that were cytotoxic against Ebstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cell lines (EBV-LCL) of the patient, but not the donor, indicating recognition of minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags). By using survival studies with CFSE labelled BM cells populations, a hematopoietic progenitor cell inhibition assay and direct morphological examination we showed that the T-cell clones recognized mature monocytic and myeloid cells, whereas immature BM progenitor cells were insufficiently lysed. This patient's refractoriness for DLI appears to be caused by inadequate lysis of progenitor cells by these cytotoxic T cells. These findings support the hypothesis that for eradication of CML a cytotoxic T-cell response against leukemic progenitor cells is essential.
    Leukemia 07/2006; 20(6):1040-6. DOI:10.1038/sj.leu.2404169 · 10.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Characterization of the antigens recognized by tumor-reactive T cells isolated from patients successfully treated with allogeneic HLA-matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) can lead to the identification of clinically relevant target molecules. We isolated tumor-reactive cytotoxic CD8(+) T-cell (CTL) clones from a patient successfully treated with donor lymphocyte infusion for relapsed multiple myeloma after allogeneic HLA-matched SCT. Using cDNA expression cloning, the target molecule of an HLA-B7-restricted CTL clone was identified. The CTL clone recognized a minor histocompatibility antigen produced by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the angiogenic endothelial-cell growth factor-1 (ECGF1) gene also known as thymidine phosphorylase. The SNP leads to an Arg-to-His substitution in an alternatively translated peptide that is recognized by the CTL. The ECGF1 gene is predominantly expressed in hematopoietic cells, although low expression can also be detected in other tissues. The patient from whom this CTL clone was isolated had mild graft-versus-host disease despite high numbers of circulating ECGF-1-specific T cells as detected by tetramer staining. Because solid tumors expressing ECGF-1 could also be lysed by the CTL, ECGF-1 is an interesting target for immunotherapy of both hematologic and solid tumors.
    Blood 07/2006; 107(12):4954-60. DOI:10.1182/blood-2005-09-3883 · 10.45 Impact Factor
Show more