Coupling of fully automated chip electrospray to Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry for high-performance glycoscreening and sequencing.
ABSTRACT The NanoMate robot has been coupled to a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometer at 9.4 T and implemented for the first time for complex carbohydrate analysis. It was optimized in the negative ion mode to achieve automated sample delivery on the chip along with increased sensitivity, ultra-high resolution and accurate mass determination. A novel bracket has been designed to allow a reliable mounting of the NanoMate to the Apollo electrospray ionization (ESI) source of an APEX II instrument. The notably higher efficiency of ionization for compositional mapping of complex mixtures and feasibility for fragmentation analysis of components by sustained off-resonance irradiation collision-induced tandem mass spectrometry (SORI-CID MS2) has been demonstrated on a glycoconjugate mixture containing O-glycosylated sialylated peptides from urine of a patient suffering from a hereditary N-acetylhexosaminidase deficiency (Schindler's disease), previously analyzed by capillary-based nanoESI-FTICRMS, and of a healthy control person. Due to its potential to generate highly charged ionic species, reduce the in-source fragmentation, increase sensitivity, reproducibility and ionization efficiency, along with the ability to generate a sustained and constant electrospray, this method can be considered as a new platform for advanced glycomics.
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ABSTRACT: IntroductionA novel approach of ion mobility tandem mass spectrometry (IMS-MS/MS) is applied to analysis of human glycourinome to obtain carbohydrate pattern data of congenital disorders of glycosylation patient. Overlapping of the complex carbohydrate mass range landscape has been highly reduced upon IMS-MS procedure, allowing more efficient identification by mapping and sequencing of glycan precursor ions, following their separation by mobility, according to difference in drift time through the traveling wave IMS cell. Intact and truncated N- and O-glycan structures modified by sialylation and fucosylation were identified according to their drift time separated molecular ions and submitted to fragmentation in a narrow mass window. IMS CID MS/MS AnalysisThe fragmentation spectra generated from the IMS separated precursor ions contain series of fragment ions maintaining the same mobility as their parent ions, and the assignment accuracy can be significantly enhanced. ConclusionAccording to the specific fragment ion patterns, carbohydrate epitopes described to be involved in pathological processes were assigned. A high potential of this glycomics-based strategy for clinical applications can be presented.Clinical Proteomics 4(1):47-57.
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ABSTRACT: Membrane proteomic analysis has been proven to be a promising tool for identifying new and specific biomarkers that can be used for prognosis and monitoring of various cancers. Membrane proteins are of great interest particularly those with functional domains exposed to the extracellular environment. Integral membrane proteins represent about one-third of the proteins encoded by the human genome and assume a variety of key biological functions, such as cell-to-cell communication, receptor-mediated signal transduction, selective transport, and pharmacological actions. More than two-thirds of membrane proteins are drug targets, highlighting their immensely important pharmaceutical significance. Most plasma membrane proteins and proteins from other cellular membranes have several PTMs; for example, glycosylation, phosphorylation, and nitrosylation, and moreover, PTMs of proteins are known to play a key role in tumor biology. These modifications often cause change in stoichiometry and microheterogeneity in a protein molecule, which is apparent during electrophoretic separation. Furthermore, the analysis of glyco- and phosphoproteome of cell membrane presents a number of challenges mainly due to their low abundance, their large dynamic range, and the inherent hydrophobicity of membrane proteins. Under pathological conditions, PTMs, such as phosphorylation and glycosylation are frequently altered and have been recognized as a potential source for disease biomarkers. Thus, their accurate differential expression analysis, along with differential PTM analysis is of paramount importance. Here we summarize the current status of membrane-based biomarkers in various cancers, and future perspective of membrane biomarker research.Proteomics 08/2012; 12(19-20):3085-104. · 4.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent developments in bioanalytical instrumentation, MS detection, and computational data analysis approaches have provided researchers with capabilities for interrogating the complex cellular glycoproteome, to help gain a better insight into the cellular and physiological processes that are associated with a disease and to facilitate the efforts centered on identifying disease-specific biomarkers. This review describes the progress achieved in the characterization of protein glycosylation by using advanced capillary and microfluidic MS technologies. The major steps involved in large-scale glycoproteomic analysis approaches are discussed, with special emphasis given to workflows that have evolved around complex MS detection functions. In addition, quantitative analysis strategies are assessed, and the bioinformatics aspects of glycoproteomic data processing are summarized. The developments in commercial and custom fabricated microfluidic front-end platforms to ESI- and MALDI-MS instrumentation, for addressing major challenges in carbohydrate analysis such as sensitivity, throughput, and ability to perform structural characterization, are further evaluated and illustrated with relevant examples.Electrophoresis 01/2011; 32(1):14-29. · 3.26 Impact Factor