The association between subtalar joint motion and outcome satisfaction in patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures.
ABSTRACT There is a paucity of literature on the effect of calcaneal fractures on subtalar joint motion and patient satisfaction. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between subtalar joint motion and outcome satisfaction in patients who had displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. The design of this study was a retrospective analysis from a randomized, controlled clinical trial. The setting was a Level I trauma center.
Of the 332 displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures entered into the clinical trial and managed by the senior author, 244 fractures had subtalar joint motion measurements taken at least 12 weeks after fracture, and patient-oriented outcomes were reviewed at 2 years. Nonoperative treatment consisted of ice, elevation, and rest without closed reduction. In the operative group, an extended lateral approach was used with subchondral fixation, plating, and bone grafting when necessary. The Short Form 36 (SF-36), a validated visual analogue scale (VAS), and a gait analogue score measured patient satisfaction. Subtalar joint motion was recorded as percentages of the uninjured limb and grouped into quartiles.
The VAS, SF-36 (p <.0001), and the gait satisfaction score (p <.05) all increased significantly with increasing subtalar joint motion. Satisfaction on the VAS and SF-36 was significantly related to subtalar joint motion for men (p <.0001) and in the age groups 30 to 39 (p <.001) and 40 to 49 years (p <0.05). In non-Workman Compensation Board (WCB) clients, higher subtalar joint motion was significantly related to improved satisfaction on VAS and SF-36 (p <.005). Patient satisfaction was significantly related to subtalar joint motion as measured by the VAS when patients reported pre-injury workloads of moderate (p <.05) or heavy (p <.01) regardless of whether they were treated operatively (p <.05) or nonoperatively (p <.0005).
The amount of subtalar joint motion at least 12 weeks after displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture is significantly related to patient satisfaction at 2 years regardless of the method of treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Massive bone loss following calcaneal fractures is a challenging condition to treat, especially if nonunion is present. Meticulous preoperative examination and imaging are crucial for accurate preoperative planning. If performed, successful outcomes can be achieved with the strategies outlined in this article.Foot and ankle clinics 03/2011; 16(1):165-79.
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ABSTRACT: Calcaneus fractures account for 1-2 % of all fractures. There are still controversies in treating calcaneus fractures between operative and non operative treatment. Both treatment protocols produce sequelae that may aff ect the individuals' life in many ways. There are some papers in the literature that implicate some factors that predict poor results in treatment of calcaneus fractures. Patients with high energy fractu- res, patients with Böhlers angle less than 0 degrees and patients whose fracture is classified in Sanders class 4 are most likely to have sequelae which need operative treatment. In treating sequelae caused by calcaneus fracture one must examine the patient and recognise the cause of the patient's symptom which very often is heel pain. Very often pain is caused by malalignment and widening of the heel. In situ fu- sion of the subtalar joint is therefore not the treatment of choice; instead one should realign the heel and fuse the subtalar joint. There are many reasons for heel pain after calcaneus fracture and the reason for the symptom must be recognised before the decision for treatment of the patient is made.
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ABSTRACT: The optimal treatment for displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus remains controversial. This study aims to assess the clinical outcomes of a minimally invasive longitudinal approach compared with the sinus tarsi approach in the surgical treatment of these fractures. Patients with a displaced intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus who were admitted to the trauma center of our hospital from September 2009 through April 2010 were randomly assigned to treatment using one of these two surgical techniques. All patients underwent the same standardized postoperative rehabilitation protocol. Functional outcome was assessed by using the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society scores. Linear regression analysis was performed to identify the potential influencing factors for functional outcomes. One hundred and sixty-seven patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Thirty-seven patients were lost to follow-up for various reasons, and the remaining 130 patients were followed for an average of twenty-seven months. Sixty-nine fractures in sixty-three patients were treated using a minimally invasive longitudinal approach (the MILA group), and seventy-two feet in sixty-seven patients were treated with a sinus tarsi approach (the STA group). The two groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, fracture type, and time from injury to operation. The operative time in the MILA group was significantly shorter than that in STA group (p < 0.05). Wound-healing complications were 2.9% in the MILA group and 12.5% in the STA group. The average time to the start of progressive weight-bearing exercise was 5.3 weeks in the MILA group and 5.6 weeks in the STA group (p > 0.05). The good and excellent results in the two groups were comparable for the Sanders type-II and III calcaneal fractures (p > 0.05), but the good to excellent rate in the STA group was significantly higher for the Sanders type-IV fractures (p < 0.05). Linear regression analysis showed that surgical technique, Sanders classification, and the time to the start of weight-bearing activity have a significant influence on functional outcomes. Outcomes are similar for the minimally invasive longitudinal and sinus tarsi surgical approaches in the treatment of Sanders type-II and III displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus, with the benefit of a lower complication rate and shorter operative time for the minimally invasive technique. For Sanders type-IV fractures, however, the sinus tarsi approach appears to be the treatment of choice. Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 02/2014; 96(4):302-309. · 4.31 Impact Factor