Stromal Sarcoma of the Breast: A Case Report

Department of Surgery, Al-Ain Hospital, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.
Asian Journal of Surgery (Impact Factor: 0.91). 11/2004; 27(4):339-41. DOI: 10.1016/S1015-9584(09)60064-6
Source: PubMed


We report a case of a 36-year-old lady who presented with a huge fungating tumour that involved the entire right breast. The tumour was diagnosed histologically as undifferentiated primary stromal tumour of the breast with axillary lymph node metastasis. We review the literature of this rare malignant tumour. Stromal sarcomas of the breast lack epithelial participation, and diagnosis of these tumours can be difficult. Genome-wide expression profiling is currently used to determine the cell of origin of most sarcomas. Surgery offers the best therapeutic option. Adjuvant radiotherapy is not very beneficial, while chemotherapy has, to date, no established role in the management of this disease. The prognosis is dismal for patients with lymph node involvement. The size of the tumour has a lesser bearing on outcome.

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    • "Primary breast sarcomas may spread by direct invasion or hematogenous metastasis. Axillary lymph node involvement is very rare [7]. And the incidence of actual node metastasis also appears to be very low [2]. "
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    ABSTRACT: A primary fibrosarcoma of the breast is a rare tumor. Here we report on a case of a primary fibrosarcoma of the breast that presented as a palpable left breast mass in a 47-year-old woman. The physical examination revealed a 3 cm sized, round mass in the left upper outer breast. The mammograms revealed a 3 cm sized, partially circumscribed and partially obscured, high density mass in the upper outer quadrant of the left breast. An ultrasonogram demonstrated a 3 cm sized, ovoid, circumscribed and hypoechoic mass with peripheral increased vascularity on Doppler imaging. Surgical excision was performed and the pathology revealed a low grade fibrosarcoma.
    06/2011; 14(2):156-9. DOI:10.4048/jbc.2011.14.2.156
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    • "Bilateral breast cancer represents a small number of all breast cancer cases. This case alerts us to diagnostic processes mainly for two rare situations of malignant mammary pathology: one of them is the presence of synchronous bilateral breast cancer [5], and the other is the presence of a breast stroma sarcoma, accounting for fewer than 1% of cases of breast cancers [10]. Even so, in these situations, we expect tumors with the same histological type, which was not so in this case [1-3,9,11]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is one of the most important health problems in the world and affects a great number of women over the entire globe. This group of tumors rarely presents as bilateral disease and, when it does happen, normally occurs within the same histological type. We report a rare case of concurrent bilateral breast cancer with two different histology types, a breast carcinoma and a breast sarcoma, in a 42-year-old woman referred to our hospital. A 42-year-old Caucasian woman admitted to our institute in August 1999, presented with a nodule in the left breast of 3.0 × 2.5 cm, and, in the right breast, one of 1.0 cm, suspected of malignancy and with a clinically negative armpit. Biopsies had revealed invasive mammary carcinoma (right breast) and sarcoma (left breast). She was submitted to bilateral modified radical mastectomy. A histological study showed an invasive mammary carcinoma degree II lobular pleomorphic type with invasion of seven of the 19 excised axillary nodes in the right breast and, in the left breast, a sarcoma of the mammary stroma, for which the immunohistochemistry study was negative for epithelial biomarkers and positive for vimentin. Later, she was submitted for chemotherapy (six cycles of 75 mg/m2 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide) followed by radiotherapy of the thoracic wall and axillary nodes on the left. Hormone receptors were positive in the tumor of the right breast, and tamoxifen, 20 mg, was prescribed on a daily basis (five years) followed by letrozole, 2.5 mg, also daily (five years). She presented no sign of negative evolution in the last consultation. The risk of development of bilateral breast cancer is about 1% each year within a similar histological type, but it is higher in tumors with lobular histology. In this case, the patient presented, simultaneously, two histologically distinct tumors, thus evidencing a rare situation.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 12/2010; 4:414. DOI:10.1186/1752-1947-4-414
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    ABSTRACT: We present an extensive immunohistochemical analysis of 7 mammary sarcomas that did not fit into any specific soft tissue sarcoma category. Histologically, they were composed of spindle cells with highly pleomorphic nuclei and abundant mitoses. Our immunohistochemical antibody panel included pan-cytokeratin (CK), basal cell type CKs (34βE12, CK5/6, CK14, CK17) and vimentin antibodies, antibodies to established (SMA, CD10, p63, S-100, maspin, calponin, GFAP, SM-myosin), and novel (CD29, 14-3-3σ) myoepithelial markers, as well as antibodies to CD34, desmin, h-caldesmon, steroid receptors (estrogen, progesterone, androgen), and EGFR (Her-1). Whereas CKs, CD34, desmin, and h-caldesmon were not expressed, all tumors were positive for CD10 and vimentin. CD29 and SMA were observed in 3 cases each (43%), and p63 and calponin in 2 cases each (29%). Other myoepithelial markers and steroid receptors were absent, except androgen receptors, which were expressed in one sarcoma. Five sarcomas showed positivity for EGFR. The distinction of specific, histogenetically defined sarcoma entities (such as leiomyosarcoma, angiosarcoma, liposarcoma) from NOS-type sarcoma with CD10 expression is usually clear-cut because the former exhibit a characteristic histomorphology and immunoprofile. Phyllodes tumors with stromal overgrowth or recurrent phyllodes tumors lacking epithelial structures as well as periductal stromal sarcomas can be ruled out by their frequent expression of CD34 and negativity for myoepithelial markers. The most important differential diagnosis is sarcomatoid metaplastic carcinoma because its treatment includes axillary lymphadenectomy. Since some NOS-type sarcomas with CD10 expression and most metaplastic carcinomas show positivity for CD29, SMA, and p63, differential diagnosis can be extremely difficult and requires extensive immunohistochemical evaluation for CKs and additional myoepithelial markers such as S-100, 14-3-3σ, and maspin. The immunophenotype of NOS-type sarcomas with CD10 expression suggests that these neoplasms represent a mammary sarcoma variant with myoepithelial features.
    American Journal of Surgical Pathology 04/2006; 30(4):450-456. DOI:10.1097/00000478-200604000-00004 · 5.15 Impact Factor
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