Cytotoxicity evaluation of soft contact lens care solutions on human conjunctival fibroblasts.
ABSTRACT To determine whether different contact lens care solutions for soft lenses cause damage to human conjunctival cells.
Primary cultured human conjunctival fibroblasts were incubated with various concentrations of four different commercially available soft contact lens care solutions (OptiFree, Renu, SoloCare, Titmus) at concentrations of 5, 10 and 50 microl/ml medium. Toxicity was examined by determination of (1) the cell viability and mitochondrial activity with the colorimetric MTT test, and (2) the number of living cells with a cell analysis system (CASY 1) as compared with untreated cells.
For all four soft contact lens care solutions at a concentration of 5 mul/ml medium, no significant decrease in mitochondrial activity of the human conjunctival fibroblasts was found by the MTT test. At 10 microl/ml, only OptiFree and Titmus reduced mitochondrial viability significantly. The greatest reduction in mitochondrial activity occurred with all of the four soft contact lens care solutions at a concentration of 50 microl/ml. No significant decrease in the number of living conjunctival fibroblasts was observed by CASY 1 even at higher concentrations of the four solutions investigated.
This in vitro study demonstrates that the examined soft contact lens care solutions induce changes in mitochondria of human conjunctival cells only at higher doses as observed by the MTT test. However, this damage to the mitochondria did not lead to cell death as shown by the cell analysis system.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract Cigarette smoke (CS) contains reactive oxygen (ROS) that can cause oxidative stress. It increases the number of apoptotic and necrotic lung cells and further induces the development of chronic airway disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on apoptosis in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B). CSE exposure induced ROS generation and p38 MAPK activation that are associated with the activation of apoptosis-regulating signal kinase 1 (ASK-1). N-acetylcysteine (NAC, a general antioxidant) attenuated the CSE-induced ASK-1 and p38 MAPK activation and cell apoptosis, suggesting a triggering role of ROS in ASK-1/p38 MAPK activation during apoptotic progression. In contrast, the inhibition and knockdown of p38 attenuated the expression of anti-oxidant master NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf-2) and CSE-induced apoptosis, suggesting that p38 MAPK modulates Nrf-2 expression and presumably prevents cell apoptosis. Taken together, the data presented in this manuscript demonstrate that the ROS-dependent ASK-1/ p38 signaling cascade regulates CSE-induced BEAS-2B cell apoptosis. In addition, anti-oxidative Nrf-2 is also up-regulated by the ROS/p38 signaling cascade in this progression.Toxicology mechanisms and methods. 08/2014;
- Spektrum Der Augenheilkunde - SPEKTRUM AUGENHEILKD. 01/2006; 20(4):188-190.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the biocompatibility of a novel multipurpose solution (MPS) with a dual disinfectant system containing polyaminopropyl biguanide and polyquaternium-1 (Biotrue®) by analysis of biomicroscopy signs and adverse events in six large clinical trials. Data from six consecutive, prospective clinical trials conducted from February 2008 to March 2010 were combined for meta-analysis. Subjects used the new MPS daily for periods of 2 weeks to 6 months. Slit-lamp signs were graded at each follow-up visit using an ordinal scale (0, one; 1, trace; 2, mild; 3, moderate; 4, severe). Analysis for biocompatibility included tracking of greater than grade 2 slit-lamp findings and number of adverse events. A total of 1,567 subjects (3,134 eyes) and 81 clinical investigators participated in the six studies, with 1,499 subjects completing the studies. Based on subject days in the studies, there were 72,904 exposures to the MPS and 7,212 biomicroscopy examinations. The completion rate for the studies was 96.3%. Per observation incidence of any finding greater than grade 2 at the follow-up visits were: corneal staining 0.08%, limbal injection 0.04%, bulbar injection 0.04%, tarsal conjunctiva abnormality 0.09%, and neovascularization 0.01%. There were no other slit-lamp signs greater than grade 2 and no statistically significant difference between hydrogels and silicone hydrogels for any finding. There were no reports of adverse events during the trials. Analysis of over 72,000 daily exposures and 7,212 eye examinations showed that the novel MPS exhibited excellent biocompatibility in subjects using daily wear hydrogel or silicone hydrogel lenses.Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) 01/2013; 7:2051-6.