Cytotoxicity evaluation of soft contact lens care solutions on human conjunctival fibroblasts.
ABSTRACT To determine whether different contact lens care solutions for soft lenses cause damage to human conjunctival cells.
Primary cultured human conjunctival fibroblasts were incubated with various concentrations of four different commercially available soft contact lens care solutions (OptiFree, Renu, SoloCare, Titmus) at concentrations of 5, 10 and 50 microl/ml medium. Toxicity was examined by determination of (1) the cell viability and mitochondrial activity with the colorimetric MTT test, and (2) the number of living cells with a cell analysis system (CASY 1) as compared with untreated cells.
For all four soft contact lens care solutions at a concentration of 5 mul/ml medium, no significant decrease in mitochondrial activity of the human conjunctival fibroblasts was found by the MTT test. At 10 microl/ml, only OptiFree and Titmus reduced mitochondrial viability significantly. The greatest reduction in mitochondrial activity occurred with all of the four soft contact lens care solutions at a concentration of 50 microl/ml. No significant decrease in the number of living conjunctival fibroblasts was observed by CASY 1 even at higher concentrations of the four solutions investigated.
This in vitro study demonstrates that the examined soft contact lens care solutions induce changes in mitochondria of human conjunctival cells only at higher doses as observed by the MTT test. However, this damage to the mitochondria did not lead to cell death as shown by the cell analysis system.
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Multipurpose contact lens solution (MPS)/preservative-associated transient corneal hyperfluorescence has been suggested to represent corneal injury. To determine the validity of this assumption, the molecular-level interactions of common disinfectants in soft contact lens MPS and the corneal epithelium using an in vitro model were assessed. METHODS: A liposome-based model of the corneal epithelial surface was developed and used to assess the interactions of polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB), polyquaternium-1 (PQ-1), and fluorescein with membrane components and the effects of PHMB and PQ-1 on membrane integrity. The fluorescence anisotropy (a measure of interactions between molecules) was determined. Liposome integrity was assessed by measuring the liposome melting point temperature. RESULTS: Free fluorescein did not associate with the liposome (P > 0.4). Both fluorescein-tagged PHMB and PQ-1 associated with liposomes (P < 0.002 and P ≤ 0.01, respectively); however, only PHMB induced free fluorescein association with membrane components. At physiological temperature, no significant shift in the melting point temperature was observed when liposomes were exposed to PHMB from 0 to 100 ppm (P > 0.05). In contrast, exposure of >7 ppm PQ-1 disrupted the liposomes. CONCLUSIONS: Based on this study, PHMB-to-liposome bilayer interaction is nondestructive, even at concentrations 100 times higher than found in commercially available MPS products. In contrast, PQ-1-to-liposome bilayer interaction led to liposome disruption. This study presents molecular-level evidence to support that preservative-associated transient corneal hyperfluorescence is a benign transient phenomenon and its evaluation clinically may be an ambiguous strategy for determining biocompatibility and cell surface integrity.Cornea 03/2012; · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the biocompatibility of a novel multipurpose solution (MPS) with a dual disinfectant system containing polyaminopropyl biguanide and polyquaternium-1 (Biotrue®) by analysis of biomicroscopy signs and adverse events in six large clinical trials. Data from six consecutive, prospective clinical trials conducted from February 2008 to March 2010 were combined for meta-analysis. Subjects used the new MPS daily for periods of 2 weeks to 6 months. Slit-lamp signs were graded at each follow-up visit using an ordinal scale (0, one; 1, trace; 2, mild; 3, moderate; 4, severe). Analysis for biocompatibility included tracking of greater than grade 2 slit-lamp findings and number of adverse events. A total of 1,567 subjects (3,134 eyes) and 81 clinical investigators participated in the six studies, with 1,499 subjects completing the studies. Based on subject days in the studies, there were 72,904 exposures to the MPS and 7,212 biomicroscopy examinations. The completion rate for the studies was 96.3%. Per observation incidence of any finding greater than grade 2 at the follow-up visits were: corneal staining 0.08%, limbal injection 0.04%, bulbar injection 0.04%, tarsal conjunctiva abnormality 0.09%, and neovascularization 0.01%. There were no other slit-lamp signs greater than grade 2 and no statistically significant difference between hydrogels and silicone hydrogels for any finding. There were no reports of adverse events during the trials. Analysis of over 72,000 daily exposures and 7,212 eye examinations showed that the novel MPS exhibited excellent biocompatibility in subjects using daily wear hydrogel or silicone hydrogel lenses.Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) 01/2013; 7:2051-6.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Many contact lens wearers suffer from dry eye syndrome. Previous studies show significant changes in the protein composition of the tears depending on the lens-cleaning solution used. Therefore, the aim of this study was to detect the influence of different lens solutions on conjunctival cells, cells also involved in tear film composition. METHODS: Conjunctival epithelium cells (HCjE; IOBA-NHC) were exposed to medium containing Complete® Multipurpose Solution Easy Rub® Formula (Complete) (AMO) or Opti-Free® Express Multipurpose Disinfecting Solution (Opti-Free) (Alcon) in different concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1, 2.5 %) for 12 and 24 h. Apoptosis and necrosis using FACS and protein profiles of the cells using SELDI-TOF-MS and MALDI-TOF-MS were measured. Multivariate statistics were calculated to detect the most significant changes. RESULTS: Complex protein profiles were measured with SELDI-TOF-MS and MALDI-TOF-MS. Significant differences of protein profiles between control and treatment cells were detected after 12 and 24 h, although cells incubated with Complete showed significantly fewer changes than cells incubated with Opti-Free, also showing concentration-dependent changes of some significantly changed proteins, e.g., protein at 6,736 Da (p > 0.002). Cells incubated with Complete showed significantly less apoptosis or necrosis in comparison to control cells (p < 0.05), whereas cells incubated with Opti-Free showed significantly more (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We were able to demonstrate that Complete shows very little effect on the protein profiles of conjunctival cells in comparison to Opti-Free, where the cells showed very large protein profile changes, and apoptosis and necrosis of the cells was increased. These results are in concordance to clinical studies showing that the use of Complete solution made the tear film proteins similar to those of people not wearing contact lenses. Therefore, we believe that Complete is less aggressive and should provoke fewer side-effects, such as dry eye syndrome, for the users.Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 07/2012; · 1.93 Impact Factor