Article

Do after school programs reduce delinquency?

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, The University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-8235, USA.
Prevention Science (Impact Factor: 2.63). 01/2005; 5(4):253-66. DOI: 10.1023/B:PREV.0000045359.41696.02
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT After school programs (ASPs) are popular and receive substantial public funding. Aside from their child-care and supervision value, ASPs often provide youth development and skill-building activities that might reduce delinquent behavior. These possibilities and the observation that arrests for juvenile crime peak between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. on school days have increased interest in the delinquency prevention potential of ASPs. This study examined effects of participation in ASPs conducted in Maryland during the 1999--2000 school year and the mechanism through which such programs may affect delinquent behavior. Results imply that participation reduced delinquent behavior for middle-school but not for elementary-school-aged youths. This reduction was not achieved by decreasing time spent unsupervised or by increasing involvement in constructive activities, but by increasing intentions not to use drugs and positive peer associations. Effects on these outcomes were strongest in programs that incorporated a high emphasis on social skills and character development.

0 Followers
 · 
169 Views
  • 11/2013; 44(6):306-315. DOI:10.1080/19325037.2013.838889
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The popularity, demand, and increased federal and private funding for after-school programs have resulted in a marked increase in after-school programs over the past two decades. After-school programs are used to prevent adverse outcomes, decrease risks, or improve functioning with at-risk youth in several areas, including academic achievement, crime and behavioral problems, socio-emo-tional functioning, and school engagement and attendance; however, the evidence of effects of after-school programs remains equivocal. This systematic review and meta-ana-lysis, following Campbell Collaboration guidelines, examined the effects of after-school programs on exter-nalizing behaviors and school attendance with at-risk stu-dents. A systematic search for published and unpublished literature resulted in the inclusion of 24 studies. A total of 64 effect sizes (16 for attendance outcomes; 49 for exter-nalizing behavior outcomes) extracted from 31 reports were included in the meta-analysis using robust variance estimation to handle dependencies among effect sizes. Mean effects were small and non-significant for attendance and externalizing behaviors. A moderate to large amount of heterogeneity was present; however, no moderator variable tested explained the variance between studies. Significant methodological shortcomings were identified across the corpus of studies included in this review. Implications for practice, policy and research are discussed.
    Journal of Youth and Adolescence 02/2015; 44(3):616-636. DOI:10.1007/s10964-014-0226-4 · 2.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study uses a sample of 424 African American 8th- and 12th-grade students (mean age = 16.55; 65.1% girls) in the United States to examine how family protective factors explain cultural and school protective factors that prevent substance use. Questionnaires were administered between 2007 and 2009. Using structural equation modeling, results indicated that cultural and school factors partially mediated the relationship between family factors and lifetime substance use. School factors fully mediated the relationship between cultural factors and lifetime substance use. The findings suggest that parents promote cultural attributes, which in turn promotes school achievement, and in turn contributes to lower substance use. Limitations of the study, and implications for future research and prevention programs are discussed.
    Journal of drug issues 10/2012; 42(4):358-372. DOI:10.1177/0022042612461770 · 0.38 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
13 Downloads
Available from
Jan 12, 2015