Tissue distribution and hormonal regulation of the breast cancer resistance protein (Bcrp/Abcg2) in rats and mice.
ABSTRACT Breast cancer resistance protein (Bcrp/Abcg2) is a member of the ABC transporter family. The purpose of this study was to quantify Bcrp mRNA in rat and mouse tissues, and to determine whether there are gender differences in Bcrp mRNA expression. Rat Bcrp mRNA levels were high in intestine and male kidney, and intermediate in testes. Mouse Bcrp expression was highest in kidney, followed by liver, ileum, and testes. Male-predominant expression of Bcrp was observed in rat kidney and mouse liver. Furthermore, gonadectomy and hypophysectomy experiments were conducted to determine whether sex steroids and/or growth hormone are responsible for Bcrp gender-divergent expression patterns. Male-predominant expression of Bcrp in rat kidney appears to be due to the suppressive effect of estradiol, and male-predominant expression of Bcrp in mouse liver appears to be due to the inductive effect of testosterone.
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies on diabetes have reported controversial results with regard to transporters in liver. The present study aimed to explore changes in hepatic breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) expression and functions, as well as the possible underlying mechanisms, in type 2 diabetic patients, type 1 (streptozotocin-induced), and type 2 (Goto Kakizaki) diabetic rats. Protein and mRNA levels of human (h) and rat (r) BCRP were investigated using Western blot and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses. Functions of liver rBCRP were evaluated using rosuvastatin. Sandwich cultured rat hepatocytes (SCRH) were cultured with d-glucose, insulin, or oleic acid for 72h, and rBCRP mRNA was detected. The effect of oleic acid on rBCRP function in SCRH was also investigated using rosuvastatin. Results showed that liver rBCRP mRNA levels decreased to 20% in type 1 diabetic rats, whereas that in diabetic patients and GK rats significantly increased threefold and twentyfold, respectively. No changes were observed in h/rBCRP protein levels of type 2 diabetic patients and GK rats. The functions of rBCRP significantly declined in type 1 diabetic rats but showed no significant changes in GK rats. The data from SCRH indicated that d-glucose decreased rBCRP mRNA level to 60%. Oleic acid increased rBCRP mRNA in SCRH by approximately eightfold but decreased rBCRP function to 50%. Therefore, h/rBCRP expression and functions were oppositely regulated in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects. Alternations in d-glucose, insulin, and free fatty acid levels in plasma might contribute to the changes in h/rBCRP expression and functions.European journal of pharmacology 12/2013; 724. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2013.12.008 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The breast cancer resistance protein (Bcrp) is an efflux transporter that participates in the biliary and renal excretion of drugs and environmental chemicals. Recent evidence suggests that pharmacological activation of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARα) can up-regulate the hepatic expression of Bcrp. The current study investigated the regulation of hepatic and renal Bcrp mRNA and protein in mice treated with the PPARα agonist perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and the ability of PFOA to alter human BCRP function in vitro. Bcrp mRNA and protein expression were quantified in the livers and kidneys of male C57BL/6 mice treated with vehicle or PFOA (1 or 3mg/kg/day oral gavage) for 7 days. PFOA treatment increased liver weights as well as the hepatic mRNA and protein expression of the PPARα target gene, cytochrome P450 4a14. Compared to vehicle-treated control mice, PFOA increased hepatic Bcrp mRNA and protein between 1.5- and 3-fold. Immunofluorescent staining confirmed enhanced canalicular Bcrp staining in liver sections from PFOA-treated mice. The kidney expression of cytochrome P450 4a14 mRNA, but not Bcrp, was increased in mice treated with PFOA. Micromolar concentrations of PFOA decreased human BCRP ATPase activity and inhibited BCRP-mediated transport in inverted membrane vesicles. Together, these studies demonstrate that PFOA induces hepatic Bcrp expression in mice and may inhibit human BCRP transporter function at concentrations that exceed levels observed in humans.Toxicology 02/2013; 306. DOI:10.1016/j.tox.2013.02.009 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoids are administered to pregnant women at risk of preterm labour to promote fetal lung surfactant maturation. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with an increased risk of preterm labour. Hence, IUGR babies may be exposed to antenatal glucocorticoids. The ability of the placenta or blood brain barrier to remove glucocorticoids from the fetal compartment or the brain is compromised in the IUGR fetus, which may have implications for lung, brain, and heart development. There is conflicting evidence on the effect of exogenous glucocorticoids on surfactant protein expression in different animal models of IUGR. Furthermore, the IUGR fetus undergoes significant cardiovascular adaptations, including altered blood pressure regulation, which is in conflict with glucocorticoid-induced alterations in blood pressure and flow. Hence, antenatal glucocorticoid therapy in the IUGR fetus may compromise regulation of cardiovascular development. The role of cortisol in cardiomyocyte development is not clear with conflicting evidence in different species and models of IUGR. Further studies are required to study the effects of antenatal glucocorticoids on lung, brain, and heart development in the IUGR fetus. Of specific interest are the aetiology of IUGR and the resultant degree, duration, and severity of hypoxemia.Journal of pregnancy 11/2012; 2012:839656. DOI:10.1155/2012/839656