Metastatic myoepithelioma of the breast.
ABSTRACT Myoepitheliomas are typically benign tumours arising from exocrine glands. There have only been five reports of malignant myoepitheliomas from breast origin previously published in the English literature. This report describes a patient with myoepithelioma arising in the breast which later metastasized despite the primary tumour having benign histological features. Impaired immune function due to end-stage renal failure and haemodialysis may have contributed to the malignant potential of her tumour. The literature regarding myoepithelial tumours is reviewed. All breast myoepitheliomas should be managed as potentially malignant tumours with appropriate surgical clearance and staging.
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ABSTRACT: Salivary gland-like tumors of the breast show a great variety of architectural patterns and cellular differentiations such as glandular, myoepithelial, squamous, and even mesenchymal phenotypes. However, currently little is known about the evolution and cellular differentiation of these tumors. For that reason, we performed an in situ triple immunofluorescence lineage/differentiation tracing (isTILT) and qRT-PCR study of basal (K5/K14), glandular (K7/K8/18), and epidermal-specific squamous (K10) keratins, p63, and smooth muscle actin (SMA; myoepithelial marker) with the aim to construct and trace different cell lineages and define their cellular hierarchy in tumors with myoepithelial differentiation. isTILT analysis of a series of 28 breast, salivary, and lacrimal gland tumors, including pleomorphic adenomas (n=8), epithelial-myoepithelial tumors (n=9), and adenoid cystic carcinomas (n=11) revealed that all tumor types contained K5/K14-positive progenitor cells in varying frequencies from a few percent up to 15%. These K5/K14-positive tumor cells were found to differentiate to glandular- (K8/18-positive) and myoepithelial-lineage (SMA-positive)-specific cells and were also shown to generate various heterologeous cell differentiations such as squamous and mesenchymal progenies. p63 was co-expressed with K5/K14 in basal-like progenitor cells, myoepithelial, and squamous cells but not in glandular cells. Our results show that the corresponding counterpart tumors of breast and salivary/lacrimal glands have identical cellular compositions. Taken together, our isTILT and RNA-expression data indicate that look-alike tumors of the breast represent a special subgroup of basal-type tumors with benign or usually low malignant potential.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 5 April 2013; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2013.45.Modern Pathology 04/2013; DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2013.45 · 6.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study describes a case of primary myoepithelial carcinoma of the skin and reviews the available literature on this topic. Myoepitheliomas and carcinomas arise most frequently from myoepithelial cells within the salivary glands but are found in many anatomical locations. We documented a case of an 80-year-old man with a 2 × 2 × 1 cm tumour located on the scalp. This tumour emerged over a period of 2 months. The tumour was radically excised, and histological examination revealed a cutaneous myoepithelial carcinoma. At an 18-month follow-up, no recurrence of the tumour was found. A systematic literature search identified 23 papers that reported 58 cases of cutaneous myoepitheliomas and myoepithelial carcinomas. All cases are reviewed in the presented paper. This case report and literature review serves to increase awareness regarding myoepithelial carcinomas. These tumours exhibit high metastatic potential, and it is thus very important to perform radical surgery.Apmis 08/2013; DOI:10.1111/apm.12156 · 1.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Zusammenfassung Eine kleine Gruppe benigner und maligner Mammatumoren mit oder ohne myoepitheliale Differenzierung weist morphologische und histogenetische Ähnlichkeiten mit Speicheldrüsentumoren auf, sie zeigen aber Unterschiede hinsichtlich ihrer Inzidenz und ihres klinischen Verhaltens. Die klinischen, histologischen, immunhistochemischen, molekularpathologischen und prognostischen Eigenschaften von 10 Entitäten speicheldrüsenähnlicher Mammatumoren werden in der vorliegenden Übersicht erörtert und mit ihren Analoga in den Speicheldrüsen verglichen.Der Pathologe 09/2006; 27(5):363-372. DOI:10.1007/s00292-006-0851-0 · 0.64 Impact Factor